Utilizing the concepts of temperament and attachment, reflect on your own experiences as a child, those of a child you know, or those of a fictional child featured in media (book, film, television, etc.). Select concepts from temperament and attachment theories and apply those to your chosen example. Consider the three types of child temperament classification (Thomas & Chess, 1977), and consider the Ainsworth’s attachment styles for this assignment. Assess if these concepts present useful information for prevention, evaluation, or assessment of the behavioral problems that children may present during development.
Many of the research ideas that emerge from a perusal of the OD literature by OBM practitioners will probably be centered on pinpointing the complex social and verbal contingencies that prevail in organizations, contingencies that are currently lumped together under the generic notion of organizational culture (cf. Agnew and Redmon, 1992; Eubanks and Lloyd, 1992; Malott, 1992; Malott, Shimamune, and Malott, 1992). It is not clear at this juncture, however, under what metacontingencies either OBM or OD are effective. As Mawhinney (1992) suggests, even the best-developed organizations may not survive under conditions of chaotic change or a punctuation in some critical aspect of the environment. As contingency theorists, OBM practitioners have much opportunity awaiting them in determining the metacontingencies of organizational survival and in continuing to demonstrate the utility of behavior analysis in solving crucial problems for organizations. There is much work to be done and behavior analysts are well equipped to do it.
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Eubanks, J. L. and Hayward, G. B. (1992). Cost-benefit approaches to training evaluation. Paper presented at the 18th Annual Convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis: International, San Francisco, CA, May.
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Eubanks, J. L., Marshall, J. M., and O’Driscoll, M. (1990). A competency model for OD practitioners. Training and Development Journal, 44(11), 85-90.