Assignment: Cognitive-affective personality
In the cognitive-affective personality system (CAPS), concepts such as self-efficacy and locus of control would most likely be placed in which of the following categories?
a. encoding strategies
b. expectancies and beliefs
c. goals and values
45. The NEO-PI measure of personality was developed using what is called the ____________ approach to personality scale construction.
46. Cross-cultural research has found that people who live in _____________ cultures typically view their personalities as being relatively stable and assume that the environment is changeable. In contrast, people from _____________ cultures tend to view the environment as fixed and believe that their personalities are alterable.
a. tight; complex
b. individualistic; collectivistic
c. complex; simple
d. collectivistic; tight
47. Hans Eysencks theory of personality is most similar to which of the following approaches to
a. Big Five personality theorists
b. Raymond Cattells 16-factor theory
c. Carl Rogers humanistic theory
d. Albert Banduras social learning theory
48. According to the _______________, people tend to underestimate the impact of situational factors and overestimate the impact of personal factors when explaining other peoples behaviors.
a. self-serving bias
b. fundamental attribution error
c. self-perception theory
d. self-fulfilling prophecy
49. When explaining our own behavior, _____________ occurs when we make more personal attributions for successes and more situational attributions for failures.
a. the self-serving bias
b. social facilitation
c. attributional polarization
d. the fundamental attribution error
50. Norman Triplett accurately predicted that bicycle-racing times would be faster when individuals raced ________. This effect is currently explained by the modern construct called _________.
a. separately; the primacy effect
b. separately; cognitive dissonance
c. in groups; social facilitation
d. in groups; group polarization
51. According to the text, _________ are sets of norms that specify how people in a particular social position are expected to behave.
a. social norms
b. social standards
c. social roles
d. social rules
52. The Behavioral Activation System:
a. is activated in response to potential rewards.
b. releases endorphins that limit our experience of physiological pain.
c. becomes active when we pursue a medium-difficulty challenge, but not easy or impossible
d. is involved in the avoidance of stimuli that elicit pain.
53. The tendency for members of a group to suspend critical thinking because they are striving for agreement is specifically called:
a. normative social influence.
b. the norm of reciprocity.
d. group polarization.