Assignment: Counseling and Advocacy
Assignment: Values-Based, Multicultural Approach to Career Counseling and Advocacy
“In a diverse culture such as ours, all counselors, regardless of race, ethnicity, or worldview need a multicultural approach to career counseling” (Brown, p. 143)
Gysbers, Heppner and Johnson (2003) developed a taxonomy of tasks that occur within career counseling simultaneously with the process of developing a working alliance.
Identifying the presenting problem
Structuring the counseling relationship
Developing a counselor-client bond
Gathering information about the client including information about personal and contextual restraints
Evaluation of outcomes
Foundations of the values-based approach
3 aspects of culture
Universal dimension – refers to similarities among all groups
General cultural dimension – refers to the characteristics of a particular group and typically refers to ethnicity
Personal dimension – reflected in the individual’s worldview and is based on the extent to which the general cultural values and worldview have been adopted by the individual. The process by which this occurs in called enculturation.
Some leading researchers (Fouad and Kantamnemi, 2013) have concluded that cultural values may be a greater source of influence in the decision-making process than traditional career planning variables.
8 Steps of Values Based Multicultural Career Counseling (VBMCC)
Step 1: Assessing Cultural Variables
Step 2: Communication style and establishing the relationship
SOLER approach in counseling – non verbal behavior has different implications across cultures
5 basic cultural values: importance of self-control, time, activity, social relationships ad relationships in nature
Step 3: Selecting a Decision-Making model – who will make the decision?
Step 4: The identification of Career Issues (Assessment)
Pattern identification -focus on an activity from one life role (enjoyable or not)
Lifeline –ask clients to chart their future from present to retirement
Ask questions regarding limitations due to diverse background
Steps 5 and 6: The establishment of cultural appropriate goals and the selection of culturally appropriate interventions
Step 7: The implementation and evaluation of the interventions used
Step 8: Advocacy
Application of VBMCC to Group Career Counseling
Can be used in a group setting as long as counselors accommodate the cultural values and preferred communication style of clients and consider the impact of both of these variables on group dynamics.
Screening groups is the first step in the group leadership process.
The screening process is also the best time to determine whether group members have biases that will preclude them from interacting in a positive manner with other group members.