Assignment: perceptions of leadership

Want create site? With you can do it easy.

Assignment: perceptions of leadership

Assignment: perceptions of leadership

Permalink:  ‎

Struggling to find relevant content or pressed for time? – Don’t worry, we have a team of professionals to help you on
Assignment: perceptions of leadership
Get a 15% Discount on this Paper
Order Now

Assignment: Social work perceptions of transformational and transactional leadership in health care.

1. Social work perceptions of transformational and transactional leadership in health care………………………. 1

Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11

Document 1 of 1 Social work perceptions of transformational and transactional leadership in health care Author: Gellis, Zvi D ProQuest document link Abstract: Despite the resurgence of leadership research, few investigations have examined the association between leadership behaviors and organizational performance in the social work field. The purpose of this study Wa’s to evaluate empirically a model that delineates two types of leadership processes, transformational and transactional leadership, within social work practice as measured by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire. Links: Linking Service Full text: Headnote Despite the resurgence of leadership research, few investigations have examined the association between leadership behaviors and organizational performance in the social work field. The purpose of this study was to evaluate empirically a model that delineates two types of leadership processes, transformational and transactional leadership, within social work practice as measured by the Mutfifador Leadership Questionnaire. The model was tested with a sample of 187 clinical social workers employed in hospitals. Results indicated that all five transformational factors and one transactional factor were significantly correlated with leader outcomes of effectiveness, satisfaction, and extra effort. Implications for social work practice are provided. Headnote Key words. clinical social workers; effectiveness; leadership; transaction; transformational Little empirical attention has been given in the social work literature to the concepts of leadership and organizational performance (Malka, 1989; Patti, 1987). Researchers have emphasized that investigation of management characteristics and behavior constitutes a critical area for social work (Gummer, 1995; Hasenfeld &Schmid, 1989; Malka, 1989). Others have called for expanded training in leadership practice in schools of social work (Brilliant, 1986; Patti, 1987). Bargal and Schmid (1989) reviewed the management literature and suggested such themes as transformational leadership, vision and strategy, and organizational culture to be useful to the social work field. They stated that there has been a “changing paradigm in research on organizations … and these themes represent holistic and interdisciplinary approaches to understanding leadership approaches” (p. 52). At a theoretical level, transformational leadership has the potential to be instructive to the social work field (Gummer, 1995). Therefore, this research investigated social workers’ perceptions of the degree to which their managers practice transformational leadership, and of leader attitudes and behaviors that social workers associate with organizational effectiveness. No previous studies have been identified that extend the theory of transformational leadership in the social work and health field. Rarely have models of leadership practice been advanced in social welfare (Ezell, Menefee, &Patti, 1989). Berg (1980) developed a “proactive”-“reactive” model of leadership style. In this model, proactive leaders are associated with attributes of risk taking, innovation, and change, whereas reactive leaders are depicted as maintaining the status quo and avoiding risk taking and change. Ezell et al. described a model of social work administration whereby managerial behaviors produced or enhance desired client outcomes. Austin (1989) stated that the appropriate behavioral model for the human services was “interactive leadership.” This model emphasized the pattern of personal interaction between the manager and other staff in the organization, using a problem-solving approach within participatory groups. Hasenfeld and Schmid (1989) described a life cycle model of social services organizations from a management perspective incorporating concepts such as transactional, management by exception, and transformational leadership within their stages

30 December 2016 Page 1 of 11 ProQuest

of maturation and elaboration. Existing social work studies on leadership have numerous methodological limitations. Some lack adequate samples and do not rely on systematic observations of leadership behavior, whereas others lack operational definitions of leadership practice (Malka, 1989; Wernet &Austin, 1991). Other studies rely on the reporting and perception of a small number of respondents (Jansson &Simmons, 1986). Also, inadequate attention is paid to issues of reliability and validity of measurement instruments (Wernet &Austin, 1991). Relevant literature informative to social work examines leadership in teams and organizations (Bass, 1985; Bass &Avolio, 1994; Bennis &Nanus, 1985; Gummer, 1997). New research strands in the organizational field have been developed and have focused on transformational leadership (Bass, 1985) and the related concepts of charismatic (Conger &Kanungo, 1988) and inspirational leadership (Bennis &Nanus, 1985). TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP THEORY Bass’s (1985) theory of transformational leadership was developed from Burns’s (1978) thesis of transactional and transformational political leaders. In transactional leadership, leader-follower relationships are based on a series of exchanges between them. Bass’s (1985) research has identified two factors composing transactional leadership. First, contingent reward leadership is viewed as an active and positive exchange between leaders and followers whereby followers are rewarded for accomplishing agreed-on objectives. Conversely, leaders also can transact actively or passively with followers by focusing on mistakes, delaying decisions, or avoiding situations until problems arise. Bass refers to such behavioral exchanges as management by exception (Hater &Bass, 1988). Bass and his colleagues stated that the essence of transformational leadership is to produce organizational change through its emphasis on new values, and a vision of the future, which transcends the status quo (Bass &Avolio, 1994). A central argument of Bass’s (1985) theory is that transformational leadership goes beyond transactional behaviors by developing intellectually stimulating and inspiring followers to put aside their own interests for a collective (team, unit) purpose. Bass described transformational leadership as comprising four conceptually distinct factors: (1) charisma (idealized influence attributes and behaviors), (2) intellectual stimulation, (3) individual consideration, and (4) inspirational motivation. Charisma refers to the leader’s ability to arouse devotion and articulate a vision through personal dynamics such as self-confidence and emotional appeal, for subordinates to identify with and develop higher order goals, and instill respect and loyalty for the leader. The charisma factor is separated into idealized behaviors and attributes (Bass &Avolio, 1997). Intellectual stimulation refers to the leader’s ability to understand and solve problems in novel ways, to “break with the past.” Individual consideration refers to the leader’s ability to treat each subordinate with care and concern (Bass, 1985). Inspirational motivation orients subordinates toward action, building confidence, and inspiring belief in a cause. An understanding of transformational leadership is necessary to account for the extraordinary efforts often exerted by followers. In contrast to transactional leaders, transformational leaders attempt to elevate follower needs to higher levels, try to develop followers into leaders, and attempt to bring about changes in the culture of the organization. Although transactional and transformational leaders are two distinct types, characteristics of both can be found to differing degrees in the same individual (Bass &Avolio, 1990). Bass (1985) stated that transformational leadership would result in followers performing beyond expected levels of performance as a consequence of the leader’s influence. Specifically, followers’ level of extra effort may be due, in part, to their commitment to the leader, their intrinsic work motivation, their level of development, or their sense of purpose that drives them to excel beyond ordinary limits. By delineating a vision and shared values, transformational leaders can help units and teams maximize performance. Moreover, teams more open to innovation and risk taking may be more conducive to transformational leadership (Bass &Avolio, 1990). Bass also claimed that transformational behaviors could be learned in organizations. QUANTITATIVE STUDY

Did you find apk for android? You can find new and apps.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyCoursebay
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
IT, Web
Did an excellent job with the body of the paper and staying on the topic.
Customer 452885, October 27th, 2022
Psychology
Good mastery of ABA concepts. Excellent!
Customer 452469, May 14th, 2022
Business and administrative studies
GOOD
Customer 452813, June 30th, 2022
Psychology
Excellent!!!!
Customer 452587, July 28th, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Excellent Work!!!!
Customer 452587, November 29th, 2021
Other
NICE
Customer 452813, June 25th, 2022
Database design and optimization
communication was great and the work looks perfect.
Customer 452715, February 26th, 2022
Criminal Justice
Looks good! Thank you Jason
Customer 452711, January 25th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Excellent Work!
Customer 452587, August 24th, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Great Work!
Customer 452587, October 13th, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Great Job!
Customer 452587, October 27th, 2021
Nursing
Always perfect!!! Don is the best!
Customer 452453, July 27th, 2021
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Get your perfect essay with a 15% discount. Use DC15

NEW

Thank you for choosing MyCoursebay. Your presence is a motivation to us. All papers are written from scratch. Plagiarism is not tolerated. Order now for a 15% discount

Order Now