Assignment: Physical and Cognitive Development

Assignment: Physical and Cognitive Development
Assignment: Physical and Cognitive Development
DIRECTION: Circle ONLY the letter to the correct answer and write the page number where you
found the answer in the right hand margin.
1. From birth to age 5, the rate of growth in height:
A. declines sharply B. increases sharply
C. proceeds at a steady pace D. declines gradually
2. Which statement characterizes the appearance of most children?
A. Before age 2 children are slim and wiry and gain weight after age 2
B. From ages 2 to 6 children are generally slimmer than prior to age 2
C. Children maintain a chubby, top-heavy appearance until after age 6
D. Children are generally slim from birth through around the age of 6
3. Which motor skill develops more slowly? Assignment: Physical and Cognitive Development
A. gross B. grand
C. balance D. fine
4. It is recommended that a vision exam by an optometrist be performed on a child by _______of
A. 5 to 6 years B. 3 to 4 years
C. 1 to 2 years D. 6 to 8 months
5. The brain of a typical 5-year-old will weigh _______ of its adult weight while her body will be
only about _______ of its adult weight.
A. 90 percent, one-third B. 50 percent, one-half
C. 30 percent, three-fourths D. 25 percent, nine-tenths
6. Cody has trouble sitting in his seat during class lessons and finds it difficult to focus on work
assigned to him in class or for homework. He bickers with his classmates and with his brother. His
pediatrician has suggested that Cody might benefit from Ritalin (methylphenidate). Cody has most
probably been diagnosed with:
B. autism
C. otitis media
D. Asperger’s syndrome
7. In general, a child can eat most of the foods in family meals at what age?
A. 6 months B. 1 year
C. 2 years D. 3 ½ years
8. According to recent research, what is the most common chronic disease of early childhood?
A. cancer B. diabetes
C. cavities D. multiple sclerosis
Page 1 (Chapter 7 Survey)
9. Which of the following foods are common allergens?
A. eggs B. milk
C. peanuts D. all of these
10. In Westernized cultures, toilet training is usually mastered by:
A. age 1 ½ B. age 2
C. age 3 D. age 4
11. By what age do most children no longer require a daytime nap?
A. age 1 ½ B. age 2
C age 3 D. age 4
e h t s i t a h t e s a e s i d c i r t a i d e p c i n o r h c , s u o i r e s a s i _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . 2 1 d l i h c r o f n o s a e r n o m m o c t s o m
. admission to the hospital and is a major cause of school absences
A. Measles B. Mumps
C. Asthma D. Diabetes
13. Research which found that identical twins raised apart had IQ scores more alike than fraternal
twins raised together would tend to support which view of intelligence?
A. environmental B. ecological
C. holistic D. hereditarian
14. According to Piaget, children between the ages of 2 and 7 are in which stage of development?
A. concrete operations
B. preoperational
C. conservational
D. formal operations
15. The theory that probes children’s developing conceptions of major components of mental
activity is called:
A. the theory of mind
B. mental constructs
C. cognitive conception
D. concept development
16. The study of sounds in a language is called:
A. grammatical awareness
B. syntax
C. phonology
D. semantics
17. Which statement about stuttering is true?
A. Girls are more likely to suffer from stuttering than boys are.
B. Geneticists do not currently believe that stuttering is inherited.
C. There are no effective intervention services available for stutterers.
D. Parents should see a speech pathologist for stuttering children.
Page 2 (Chapter 7 Survey)
18. _________ refers to the retention of what has been experienced; _______ refers to remembering
what was learned earlier (for example, a scientific concept).
A. Recall; memory
B. Memory; recall
C. Recognition; memory
D. Recognition; recall
19. According to Piaget, preschool children have an underdeveloped moral sense because they lack
the ability to:
A. show altruistic behavior
B. understand intentionality
C. have sympathetic feelings
D. communicate their feelings
20. The developmental psychologist who researched the development of moral reasoning by
studying differences in children’s reasoning about moral dilemmas is:
A. Lev Vygotsky
B. Noam Chomsky
C. Lawrence Kohlberg
D. Howard Gardner
Page 3 (Chapter 7 Survey)
Early Childhood: Emotional and Social Development
NAME _________________________________________DATE ________________________
DIRECTION: Circle ONLY the letter to the correct answer and write the page number where you
found the answer in the right hand margin. Permalink:
1. Research has indicated that children aged 5 and aged 7 who employed ________solutions were
judged to be more socially competent, displaying fewer attention problems and disruptive
A. prosocial
B. cognitive
C. logical
D. surreptitious
2. All of the following can contribute to delays in emotional self-regulation EXCEPT:
A. prematurity
B. developmental disabilities
C. parental divorce
D. low-income household
3. All of the following tend to characterize girls’ play EXCEPT:
A. it is more intimate
B. it is likely to consist of a two-person group
C. it is more “rough and tumble”
D. it is less competitive than boys’ play
4. Researchers have found that therapeutic play:
A. tends to increase children’s aggressive behavior
B. tends to make children feel even more anxiety
C. tends to help children to express their emotions
D. tends to take away children’s sense of control

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