Assignment: Comparing and contrasting the Pre-Socratics
Analyze an issue of your choice related to adolescent emotional or social development. Examples in your textbook include the broad categories of self-understanding, moral development, gender typing, family relationships, and peer relationships with many sub-issues under these broad areas. Find a current scholarly article on the issue to support and extend the assigned readings. Be sure note areas that are fuzzy or unclear in the assigned readings or other articles that you located.
An example of a relevant scholarly article is below. Please do not use this article find your own article.
- Wentzel, K. R., Russell, S., & Baker, S. (2016). Emotional support and expectations from parents, teachers, and peers predict adolescent competence at school. Journal of Educational Psychology, 108(2), 242.
While their focuses, methods, and conclusions varied greatly, those who came before Socrates, and Socrates and Plato, had one underlying question for which they were seeking a solution: what is the nature of knowledge (truth) and how do we attain it?
Answer first, in general, how did the Pre-Socratics (i.e., The Materialists, which excludes Pythagoras), and Socrates and Plato (you may include Pythagoras here) view: 1) the ultimate nature of reality, 2) how do we know it, and is knowledge apriori (within us at birth) or a posteriori (learned through experience)? How did they answer the question of the nature of permanence and change?
Then, second, after comparing and contrasting the Pre-Socratics and the ancients after them through Plato (there is overlap), what do believe the nature of reality to be? With which of these philosophers do you agree the most and why?