Assignment: PSY/300 General Psychology
University of Phoenix Material
Week Four Quiz
Topic Area: PSY/300 General Psychology
1. Ivan Pavlov pioneered the theory of:
a. Operant conditioning
b. Classical conditioning
c. Social Learning Theory
d. Cognitive Psychology
2. John wants to train his dog, Spot, to shake hands. John decides to reward Spot with a treat every time Spot raises his paw. John hopes to increase Spot’s handshaking behavior by following the behavior with a reward. This is an example of:
a. Aversive conditioning
c. Positive reinforcement
d. Negative reinforcement
Topic Area: PSY/310 History and Systems
3. Philosophers who believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as
4. __________ is often referred to as the ‘Father of Psychology,’ after developing the first psychological research laboratory in Leipzig, Germany.
a. William James
b. Wilhem Wundt
c. John Watson
d. Joseph Wolpe
Topic Area: PSY/315 Statistical Reasoning
5. The most commonly used statistic in Psychology is
6. There are two branches of statistical methods. They are
a. Quadratic; Quantitative
b. Consumer; Quantum
c. Informal; Formal
d. Quantitative; Qualitative
I thought it was descriptive and inferential
Topic Area: PSY/340 Biological Foundations
7. In a topographical representation of the motor cortex, the homunculus is the largest area devoted to
a. arms and legs
b. the hands
c. the face
d. the tongue
Cannot find anything specifying one over the other.
a. cell bodies
d. your genotype
Topic Area: PSY/355 Motivation
9. What is motivation?
a. Motivation is based on sight and touch
b. Motivation excludes sound and emotions
c. Motivation is the activation of goal-oriented behavior and can be intrinsic or extrinsic
d. Motivation is the aversion to activity or exertion.
10. What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations?
a. Abraham Maslow
b. Sigmund Freud
c. Carl Jung
d. B.F. Skinner
Topic Area: PSY/375 Life Span
11. Which of the following would be a concern for a person during early adulthood?
b. Civic responsibility
c. Midlife Crisis
d. Leisure-time activities
12. Consider the biological theories of aging. Which of the following best represent components of that theory?
a. Cellular Dial Theory
b. The Nun Theory
c. Attachment Theory
d. Hormonal Stress Theory
Topic Area: PSY/390 Learning and Cognition
13. In operant conditioning, which of the following is accurate?
a. Any response that is followed by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated
b. Any response that is followed by punishment is likely to not be repeated
c. Any response that is followed by reward tends to become extinct
d. Any response that is preceded by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated
14. Pavlovian conditioning includes several components for creating a conditioned response. These components are:
a. Unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response; conditioned recovery
b. Unconditioned response; conditioned stimulus; conditioned reflex
c. Unconditioned stimulus; conditioned stimulus; spontaneous recovery
d. Unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response; conditioned stimulus
Topic Area: PSY/400 Social
15. The child deals with mastering his or her physical environment while maintaining a sense of self-esteem. This stage defined by Erik Erikson involves the crisis of autonomy versus shame and doubt.
d. School-age child
16. The child begins to initiate, not imitate activities; develop a conscience, and experience a sexual identity. This stage defined by Erik Erikson involves the crisis of initiative versus guilt.
d. School-age child
Topic Area: PSY/405 Theories of Personality
17. Which theorist is most associated with Social Learning Theory?
a. Carl Rogers
b. B.F. Skinner
c. Albert Bandura
d. Rollo May
18. What are the four major theoretical approaches to the study of personality?
a. Psychoticism, Humanism, Disposition, and Learning
b. Psychoanalysis, Humanistic, Dispositional, and Learning
c. Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Dispositional, and Learning
d. Freud, Maslow, Allport, and Bandura
Topic Area: PSY/410 Abnormal