Assignment: Studying Memory And Language
Dr. Williams has been studying memory and language development. During her research she discovers that infants as young as one month can remember objects presented to them if they reappear within two seconds. Fascinated by this, she continues to explore and discovers that by the time they are four months old, babies can remember objects after five seconds. She is elated at her discovery because she knows it shows the beginning of short-term memory, which is essential in language development.
For this discussion, identify two ideas that parents/caregivers can use to help facilitate language development in children from birth to 24 months. Your post should be formatted as follows:
- State the age range you have selected (birth to three months, three to six months, etc.).
- Idea #1: Your first idea should be something that just about any parent could do that does not involve technology or money in any way.
- Idea #2: Your second idea should consider today’s age of technology. Research various sources (computer programs, toys, videos, etc.) that can help children with language development. Identify your selection (including cost) and describe what it does in terms of either strengths and/or weaknesses, in relation to language development.
- Reflecting on what you have read thus far in Weeks One and Two, explain what stage of memory (sensory, short-term, long-term) your ideas best fit with and how they facilitate language.
Memory is the faculty of the by which or is encoded, stored, and retrieved when needed. It is the retention of information over time for the purpose of influencing future action. If could not be remembered, it would be impossible for language, relationships, or to develop. Memory loss is usually described as or .
Memory is often understood as an system with explicit and implicit functioning that is made up of a , (or ) memory, and . This can be related to the . The sensory processor allows information from the outside world to be sensed in the form of chemical and physical stimuli and attended to various levels of focus and intent. Working memory serves as an encoding and retrieval processor. Information in the form of stimuli is encoded in accordance with explicit or implicit functions by the working memory processor. The working memory also retrieves information from previously stored material. Finally, the function of long-term memory is to store data through various categorical models or systems.
is the conscious storage and recollection of data. Under declarative memory resides and . Semantic memory refers to memory that is encoded with specific meaning, while episodic memory refers to information that is encoded along a spatial and temporal plane. Declarative memory is usually the primary process thought of when referencing memory. is the unconscious storage and recollection of information. An example of a non-declarative process would be the unconscious learning or retrieval of information by way of , or a priming phenomenon. is the process of arou