Assignment: The role of a pharmacy

Assignment: The role of a pharmacy ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Assignment: The role of a pharmacy Can you help me understand this Business question? Assignment: The role of a pharmacy simple reply to my classmates- apa format – graduate level…………………………… reply_to_2_final.docx busi_611__1_.pdf Each reply must be at least 450 words. Each reply must include a biblical integration and at least 2 peer-reviewed source citations, in addition to the course textbook, in current APA format. Please reply to classmate #1The role of a pharmacy Before one can dive into the role that a pharmacy plays in operations management, first one must understand what the role of the pharmacy is and what it does. The pharmacy is a “facility that exists to fill and dispense drugs and medications that are prescribed by physicians or other caregivers” (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, p. 375), which is why the pharmacy is one of the largest departments in a hospital (Langabeer & Helton, 2016). With this, it is important to acknowledge the fact that the hospital’s pharmacy plays an active role in the management of patient healthcare delivery (Langabeer & Helton, 2016). Additionally, the pharmacy helps to aid in a “partnership role with physicians and other providers in evaluating the overall efficacy, safety, and quality of medications on patient outcomes” (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, p. 376). Furthermore, hospital pharmacies are used to help focus on the practices and technologies that are involved in managing and improving medication usage throughout the hospital (Pederson, Schneider, & Scheckelhoff, 2012). Helping to show how pharmacies are essential to the hospital and physicians by aiding in the health care outcomes of the patients and operational strategies used by the health care providers (Langabeer & Helton, 2016). The role that a pharmacy plays in operations management The role that a pharmacy plays in operations management is that of selling goods (Langabeer & Helton, 2016). Meaning that a pharmacy is an operational structure “whose costs can represent 50% to 90% of the total expanses of the department” (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, p. 376), because the pharmacy works by the labor and the costs of their products. The pharmacy’s labor includes “filling, dispensing, and compounding orders and drugs” (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, p. 376), while accounting for the costs of the products, or medications. Additionally, pharmacies also provide services that include “ordering, replenishing, storing, and providing controls over drugs” (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, p. 376), which helps to aid in the services that are delivered to patients and customers. Assignment: The role of a pharmacy Furthermore, the role of pharmacies in modern hospital pharmacy settings “play a key role in providing clinical care as well as improving operational efficiencies” (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, 388), this can be seen through the fact that hospital pharmacies are becoming more involved with identifying and resolving problems that are related to medications and the effects that are caused by the medications (Pedersen, Schneider, & Scheckelhoff, 2014). Through this, we must always remember, “Truly He is my rock and my salvation; He is my fortress, I will not be shaken” (Psalm 62:6, New International Version). How modern day systems and technologies are streamlining pharmacy operations Modern day systems and technologies that are streamlining pharmacy operations are “robots, carousels, and other animations” (Lanagebeer & Helton, 2016, p. 388), which helps to make pharmacies to be more efficient than any other department in the hospital. It is important to note that modern day systems and technologies are aimed at bettering patient care (AlTabakha, Obaid, Fahelelbom, & Sadek, 2016). When it comes to understanding the modern day systems and technologies, it is important to acknowledge the fact that doctors’ prescriptions are not, necessarily, hand written anymore. Nowadays, prescriptions are entered directly into “a computerized physician order entry (COPE) system” (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, p. 381). This in turn allows for the physician to not only input prescriptions but also patient health information (Langabeer & Helton, 2016). Once this information is entered, the system then sends out the information to the appropriate care team member which allows them to “further promote patient safety, and ensures that the right patient received the right medication” (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, p. 382), thus showing how modern day systems streamlining pharmacy operations especially in the hospital setting. For modern day technologies, there are robots and carousels that pick the medication off the shelves for the pharmacists (Langabeer & Helton, 2016). This helps to reduce the risk of pharmacists picking the wrong medication or dosage (Langabeer & Helton, 2016). Thus, showing how modern day technologies are streamlining pharmacy operations. References Al-Tabakha, M. M., Obaid, D. E. E., Fahelelbom, K. M. S., & Sadek, B. (2016). The impact of modern pharmacy curriculum on the student attitude towards weight loss product advertisements: A case study. Journal of Young Pharmacists, 8(4), 456-462. doi:10.5530/jyp.2016.4.23 Pedersen, C. A., Schneider, P. J., & Scheckelhoff, D. J. (2012). ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings: Dispensing and administration—2011. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 69(9), 768-785. doi:10.2146/ajhp110735 Pederson, Assignment: The role of a pharmacy C. A., Schneider, P. J., & Scheckelhoff, D. J. (2014). ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings: Prescribing and transcribing—2013. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 71(11), 924-942. doi:10.2146/ajhp140032 Reply to classmate #2In healthcare, a pharmacy is often one of the largest and most profitable departments in a hospital, which helps to evaluate the overall efficacy, safety, and quality of medications in patient outcomes. It is a facility where the primary purpose of the pharmacist is to fill and dispense drugs and medicine that are prescribed by physicians or other caregivers (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, pp. 375-376). Therefore, “pharmacies are “physical” supply chains, managing the physical flow of goods both inbound and outbound.” Managing drug supplies requires pharmacists to have careful control over stock-keeping units and item categories in the same way as materials management departments manage general-purpose medical supplies (Langabeer & Helton, 2016, p. 380). Pharmaceutical companies are some of the leading players in supply chain management. Their performance has a significant impact on healthcare supply chain management efficiency. The top priority in all health systems is delivering medication as a strategic product. Pharmaceutical supply chains have become more complicated because it involves the life-saving interest of people and requires the participation of different stakeholders such as pharmaceutical manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, customers, information service providers, and regulatory agencies. It is critical that pharmacists are able to identify medication risks that can lead to sentinel events so that they can be prevented. Every step in the pharmaceutical process is vital and needs to be followed precisely (Kapoor, D., 2018). “Injuries due to medical care referred to as adverse events (AEs) are important medical issues because they place an additional burden on the health care system and are associated with symptoms ranging from slight illness to death” (Ohta, Y. et al., 2019). Studies have shown that AEs happen at the rate of 11% in hospitalized patients and are either preventable or unpreventable. Many preventable AEs are associated with medical errors (MEs). “In 2000, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) estimated that MEs killed between 44,000 and 98,000 people every year in U.S. hospitals” (Ohta, Y. et al., 2019, pp. 251–256). There has been considerable debate about the accuracy of the IOM’s report estimates. Assignment: The role of a pharmacy One evidence-based study estimated 400,000 deaths per year. Regardless, any estimate demands assertive actions on the part of legislators and all healthcare providers (James, J. (2013). Pharmacists currently use health information technology (HIT) in various settings. For example, some pharmacists can document clinical information in pharmacy management systems, while others have access to EHRs. There are many programs and software that enhance workflow efficiency and healthcare services. “One example is the development of clinical task queues within pharmacy management systems. Pharmacists validating prescriptions can document drug therapy problems identified during the normal workflow of the pharmacy and add these tasks to the clinical queue. Most drug therapy problems are identified at this point in the process. The queue can then be addressed by another pharmacist to minimize interruption in workflow.” Deuteronomy 25:15 says, “You must have accurate and honest weights and measures, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you” (, n.d.). I believe that this bible verse applies to the need to have accuracy in pharmaceutical measurements so that people do not suffer from unexpected events that result in death or serious physical or psychological injury. References Deuteronomy 25:15. (n.d.). Retrieved from Galt, Kimberly, et al. (2019). “Health Information Technology Use and Patient Safety: Study of Pharmacists in Nebraska.” Pharmacy, vol. 7, no. 1, 2019, p. 7., doi:10.3390/pharmacy7010007. James, J. (2013). “A New, Evidence-Based Estimate of Patient Harms Associated with Hospital Care.” Journal of Patient Safety, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 122–128., doi:10.1097/pts.0b013e3182948a69. Kapoor, D. (2018). “An Overview on Pharmaceutical Supply Chain: A Next Step towards Good Manufacturing Practice.” Drug Designing & Intellectual Properties International Journal, vol. 1, no. 2, 2018, doi:10.32474/ddipij.2018.01.000107. Langabeer, J. R., & Helton, J. (2016). Health care operations management: A systems perspective (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Ohta, Yoshinori, et al. (2019). “Assignment: The role of a pharmacy Epidemiology of Adverse Events and Medical Errors in the Care of Cardiology Patients.” Journal of Patient Safety, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 251– 256., doi:10.1097/pts.0000000000000291. SECOND EDITION HEALTH CARE OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT A Systems Perspective James R. Langabeer II, MBA, PhD Professor, Health Informatics, Management, and Emergency Medicine The University of Texas Health Science Center Houston, TX Jeffrey Helton, PhD, CMA, CFE, FHFMA Assistant Professor, Health Care Management College of Professional Studies Metropolitan State University of Denver Denver, CO World Headquarters Jones & Bartlett Learning 5 Wall Street Burlington, MA 01803 978-443-5000 Jones & Bartlett Learning books and products are available through most bookstores and online booksellers. To contact Jones & Bartlett Learning directly, call 800-832-0034, fax 978-443-8000, or visit our website, Substantial discounts on bulk quantities of Jones & Bartlett Learning publications are available to corporations, professional associations, and other qualified organizations. For details and specific discount information, contact the special sales department at Jones & Bartlett Learning via the above contact information or send an email to Copyright © 2016 by Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC, an Ascend Learning Company All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright may be reproduced or utilized in any form, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner. The content, statements, views, and opinions herein are the sole expression of the respective authors and not that of Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not constitute or imply its endorsement or recommendation by Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC and such reference shall not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes. All trademarks displayed are the trademarks of the parties noted herein. Health Care Operations Management: A Systems Perspective, Second Edition is an independent publication and has not been authorized, sponsored, or otherwise approved by the owners of the trademarks or service marks referenced in this product. Assignment: The role of a pharmacy There may be images in this book that feature models; these models do not necessarily endorse, represent, or participate in the activities represented in the images. Any screenshots in this product are for educational and instructive purposes only. Any individuals and scenarios featured in the case studies throughout this product may be real or fictitious, but are used for instructional purposes only. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the Subject Matter covered. It is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional service. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the service of a competent professional person should be sought. Production Credits VP, Executive Publisher: David Cella Publisher: Michael Brown Associate Editor: Lindsey Mawhiney Editorial Assistant: Nicholas Alakel Production Manager: Tracey McCrea Senior Marketing Manager: Sophie Fleck Teague Art Development Editor: Joanna Lundeen Art Development Assistant: Shannon Sheehan Manufacturing and Inventory Control Supervisor: Amy Bacus Composition: Cenveo Publisher Services Cover Design: Kristin E. Parker Manager of Photo Research, Rights & Permissions: Lauren Miller Cover Image: © Steve Design/ShutterStock, Inc. Printing and Binding: Edwards Brothers Malloy Cover Printing: Edwards Brothers Malloy Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Langabeer, James R., 1969- , author. Health care operations management : a systems perspective / James R. Langabeer, Jeffrey Helton.— Second edition. p. ; cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-284-05006-6 I. Helton, Jeffrey, 1961-, author. II. Title. [DNLM: 1. Hospital Administration—methods. 2. Efficiency, Organizational. WX 157.1] RA971.3 362.11068—dc23 2014033878 6048 Printed in the United States of America 19 18 17 16 15 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 About the Authors Courtesy of James Langabeer II, PhD, MBA James R. Langabeer II, PhD, MBA Dr. James Langabeer is a professor of informatics, health care management, and emergency medicine at the University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston. He has spent most of his career focused on quality improvement and information technology in hospitals and health care. His career has involved hospital executive administration, information technology startups, management consulting, and health care research and teaching. Dr. Langabeer was the founding chief executive officer of Greater Houston Healthconnect (the regional health information network serving Southeast Texas) and helped move the organization from concept to reality. He was the executive vice president of a technology and consulting firm based in Boston that was widely touted as “best of class” in thought leadership on predictive modeling and business intelligence. He has lived and/or worked extensively in Boston, London, Paris, Rotterdam, and Tel Aviv, as well as Houston. He has served on the faculties of the University of Texas, Boston University, and Baylor College of Medicine. Assignment: The role of a pharmacy Dr. Langabeer has served as principal investigator on many national research projects. He has been funded by the American Heart Association, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, Health and Human Services, and many other agencies and foundations. He has more than 85 publications that can be found in some of the highest-rated management and clinical journals such as the Journal of Emergency Medicine, American Heart Journal, Pediatrics, Health Care Management Review, Quality Management in Health Care, and Health Care Management Science. Dr. Langabeer earned his PhD from the University of Lancaster in England in management science, an EdD in leadership from the University of Houston, and an MBA from Baylor University. He is also an Emergency Medical Technician with Advanced Cardiac Life Support certifications, a Certified Management Accountant, and a Fellow in the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society. Courtesy of Jeffrey Helton Jeffrey Helton, PhD, CMA, CFE, FHFMA Dr. Jeffrey Helton is an assistant professor of health care management at Metropolitan State University of Denver. He also holds an adjunct faculty appointment in health care management at The George Washington University and in health informatics at the University of Denver and health informatics at the University of Texas School of Biomedical Informatics. The majority of his career has been spent as chief financial officer for several health care systems across the United States, where he led several turnarounds of organizations previously in bankruptcy or receivership. During his career as a financial executive, he identified several operational challenges in hospitals and health plans that required development of staffing standards, labor management processes, and internal financial controls to restore financial stability to organizations. He has since supported other health care organization turnarounds as a consultant, assisting in the analysis of labor costs and development of labor control programs. As a part of his consulting work, Dr. Helton has also served as chief financial officer of the Disaster Housing Assistance Program on behalf of families displaced from their homes as a result of Hurricanes Katrina and Ike. As custodian for more than a quarter billion dollars in federal funds, he became a Certified Fraud Examiner and provided fraud prevention assistance to the agencies assisting victims of these natural disasters. He has also used his background in fraud detection to assist several health care organizations in developing fraud prevention and detection programs and has provided material support to many health care fraud prosecutions, resulting in multiple millions of dollars in recovered fraud losses. Assignment: The role of a pharmacy Dr. Helton is a Fellow of the Healthcare Financial Management Association, where he serves on its board of examiners. He also volunteers his financial management expertise to the Association of University Programs in Health Administration, where he serves on its finance committee and as treasurer of the Health Care Management Division of the Academy of Management and a member of the finance committee of the Colorado Association of USA Track and Field. He is a Certified Fraud Examiner and a member of the board of advisors for the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. Dr. Helton is also a Certified Management Accountant. Dr. Helton earned his PhD in public health management from the University of Texas School of Public Health, an MS in hospital and health administration from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and a BS in business administration from Eastern Kentucky University. He is a journal article reviewer for Healthcare Financial Management, Journal of Healthcare Management, Social Science and Medicine, and Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. Table of Contents List of Figures and Tables New to the Second Edition Preface PART I Chapter 1 Operations, Systems, and Financial Management Health Care Operations and Systems Management The Role of Health Care Operations Management Key Functions of Health Care Operations Management The Need for Operations Management Goals of the Operations Manager Competitive Advantage of Operations Factors Driving Increased Health Care Costs Learning from Other Industries Principles of Management The Scientific and Mathematical Schools of Management Management Decision Making Power and Decision Maki … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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