BASELINE CHARACTERISTICS HOMOGENEITY

Want create site? With you can do it easy.

BASELINE CHARACTERISTICS AND HOMOGENEITY

BASELINE CHARACTERISTICS AND HOMOGENEITY

TABLE 2

Struggling to find relevant content or pressed for time? – Don’t worry, we have a team of professionals to help you on
BASELINE CHARACTERISTICS HOMOGENEITY
Get a 15% Discount on this Paper
Order Now

BASELINE CHARACTERISTICS AND HOMOGENEITY OF THE TREATMENT AND CONTROL GROUPS

Intervention (n = 21)Control (n = 20)CharacteristicMean ± SD Mean ± SD t or χ2 a

Anthropometric Age (years)65.95 ± 8.5966.35 ± 7.940.154 Height (cm)152.33 ± 6.53150.57 ± 6.010.896 Weight (kg)57.90 ± 10.8554.66 ± 9.481.016 BMI (kg/m2)24.17 ± 3.1423.38 ± 3.320.782Lifestyle Years since menopause20.21 ± 10.4417.5 ± 11.050.767 Calcium-rich food intake (times/week)27.3 ± 11.423.8 ± 8.81.110 Vitamin D-rich food intake (times/week)2.4 ± 2.53.1 ± 3.10.705Intervention (n = 21) Control (n = 20) Characteristic n % n % t or χ2 a History of fracture8385251.026 Regular exercise (≥3 times/week)4194200.006 Non-drinker (alcohol)2095201000.024 Non-smoker21100201000.024Bone statusb Normal (T ≥ −1.0)6294201.995 Osteopenia (−1.0 > T > −2.5)8381260 Osteoporosis (T ≤ −2.5)733420Intervention (n = 21) Control (n = 20) Characteristic Mean ± SD Mean ± SD t or χ2 a BMD Lumbar 2–40.83 ± 0.120.85 ± 0.200.526 Femur neck0.67 ± 0.150.67 ± 0.130.055Bone biomarkers Serum osteocalcin (ng/ml)13.97 ± 4.9015.85 ± 5.641.135 Serum calcium (mg/dl)9.47 ± 0.409.54 ± 0.590.405 Serum phosphorus (mg/dl)3.68 ± 0.443.70 ± 0.500.165 Serum alkaline phosphatase (IU/L)68.43 ± 21.5266.70 ± 13.240.308 Serum 25-OH-Vitamin D (ng/ml)14.03 ± 4.3412.38 ± 4.651.177 Urine deoxypyridinoline (nM/mM creatinine)5.70 ± 1.705.95 ± 1.120.555

image

a All group differences p > 0.05.

b Defined from T-score of femur neck site based on World Health Organization criteria.

Note. SD, standard deviation; BMD, bone mineral density (g/cm2).

Oh, E. G., Yoo, J. Y., Lee, J. E., Hyun, S. S., Ko, I. S., & Chu, S. H. (2014). Effects of a three-month therapeutic lifestyle modification program to improve bone health in postmenopausal Korean women in a rural community: A randomized controlled trial. Research in Nursing & Health, 37(4), p. 297.

Permalink:

100

Study Questions

1. What demographic variables were described in this study?

2. Which variable was measured at the ordinal level? Provide a rationale for your answer.

3. What level of measurement is the data for history of fracture? Provide a rationale for your answer.

4. What statistics were calculated to describe history of fracture? Were these appropriate? Provide a rationale for your answer.

5. Could a mean be calculated on the history of fracture data? Provide a rationale for your answer.

6. What statistics were calculated to describe the regular exercise (≥3 times per week) for the intervention and control groups? Calculate the frequency and percentage of the total sample who exercised regularly. Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a percent.

101

7. What statistics were calculated to describe age in this study? Were these appropriate? Provide a rationale for your answer.

8. Were the intervention and control groups significantly different for age? Provide a rationale for your answer.

9. What was the mode for bone status for the total sample (N = 41)? Determine the frequency and percentage for the bone status mode for the sample. Round your answer to the nearest whole percent. Why is this clinically important?

10. Based on the bone status of the study participants, discuss the clinical importance of this study. Document your response.

102

Answers to Study Questions

1. Demographic variables described in the study were age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), lifestyle (years since menopause, calcium-rich food intake, vitamin D-rich food intake), history of fracture, regular exercise, alcohol consumption, and smoking. You might have identified the bone status, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone biomarkers but these are dependent variables for this study (Grove et al., 2013).

Did you find apk for android? You can find new and apps.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyCoursebay
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Nursing
Fantastic work on this project as usual.
Customer 452707, July 5th, 2022
Medicine
Great job! Thank you.
Customer 452707, May 29th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Excellent work
Customer 452587, September 4th, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Thank You!
Customer 452587, November 17th, 2021
Education
Thank you so much
Customer 452631, October 5th, 2021
Strategic Management
Thanks for the help, really appreciate it
Customer 452821, September 8th, 2022
Wellness
The skilled writer did a GREAT job!! Amazing .Thank you!
Customer 452547, June 16th, 2021
Nursing
Great paper!
Customer 452707, July 1st, 2022
Nursing
This is great! Thank you
Customer 452679, December 16th, 2021
Other
AWESOME
Customer 452813, June 21st, 2022
Business and administrative studies
Thanks
Customer 452701, August 16th, 2022
Accounting
Thanks for your support
Customer 452701, February 3rd, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Get your perfect essay with a 15% discount. Use DC15

NEW

Thank you for choosing MyCoursebay. Your presence is a motivation to us. All papers are written from scratch. Plagiarism is not tolerated. Order now for a 15% discount

Order Now