1. We did a lab to discuss everything then we have to make a lab report. Virtual Lab 4: Observing animal behavior In this lab, we will conduct a virtual research project in animal behavior. We will learn one common method (scanning) in collecting behavioral data and practice simple data analysis to describe animal behavior. We will also learn how to write a standard report in biological research. Objectives: 1. Learn how animal behavior is studied 2. Learn how to collect behavioral data using one of the common methods (scanning) 3. Learn how to organize, analyze, and present biological data 4. Learn how to write a standard laboratory report 1. Procedure: 1.1. 1. Learn how to scientifically collect behavioral data using the scanning method by watching the following video: Ethology Practice Videos: Pronghorn Scan Sampling (79 YouTube) – 1st time: Taking video of the what behavioral activity they do – 2nd time: recording data, scanning the group of animals and record whether they are feeding or not at each pass – 3rd time: Ethogram: F=feeding, O=3other – does time spent feeding differ between summer and winter month in Pronghorn 2. Discuss the pros and cons of scanning PROS – You can get a better look at how animals interact as a group – Simultaneously collect data on multiple animals – Best for non-social behavior, spatial distributions, synchrony of behavior CONS – It is very easy to get distracted and miss important details 1. 3. Data collection a. Build an ethogram by describing all discernible behavioral patterns and register them in the following table: Using the video as your recording about the behavior of the greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) during feeding: – Scans may not be temporally independent, may be difficult to see all animals all the time Behavioral Pattern Description Feeding Heads down, and their bills are adapted accordingly. Walking Walk with their long legs and partially webbed feet or stomp through water looking for food Flapping/Flying Need to run a few paces to gather speed. Flying, flap their wings rapidly and continuously Fighting? Feeding their young directly from a secretion produced in their crop Standing Resting Grooming Standing on one leg, scratching their heads? Thermoregulation and reduces fungus and parasites in the water? Write a lab report (please consult a biology writing handbook for details). (knisley report or writing in biology) Standard elements (please see grading rubric for details): Sections: Title, author, abstract, introduction, material and methods, results, and discussion, acknowledgments (optional), and references Format: font (12 points preferred), double line space, page limit (6), tables and figures (self-explanatory), references (choosing the standard format and stick to it throughout) No hypothesis Describe frequency of variance behavior in the greater flamingo. 3-4 references in standard format APA because references need to be in text citations Endocrinology (would beneficial) Methods: describe different behavior, characteristic of behaviors (ethogram) Intro: basic information on flamingo behavior and flamingo information Google scholar data base academic Ethogram (below) , I have a figure already. explaining the methods section. Table (bar graph) explaining: X-axis: “Behaviors of the great flamingo , Y-axis: Total of each behavior. I have a text box that explaining the bar graph saying ” Figure 1. The different behaviors of the greater flamingo Scan # Standing Feeding Walking Grooming Flying 1 1 16 2 0 0 1 10 10 2 1 0 3 15 12 20 0 0 4 4 13 6 4 0 5 1 6 12 4 0 6 35 26 8 10 0 7 25 4 10 20 0 8 28 18 40 24 0 9 0 3 14 0 0 10 0 5 25 0 0 11 0 0 0 0 10 12 0 0 0 0 15 13 0 0 7 0 40 14 0 20 15 3 0 15 8 8 4 0 0 16 1 10 6 8 0 17 40 15 0 25 0 18 0 0 0 1 1 19 1 3 1 4 0 20 0 8 8 0 0 21 10 9 6 4 1 22 30 8 4 10 0 23 25 30 15 10 0 24 8 15 10 12 0 25 40 8 4 10 0 26 50 0 0 20 0 27 0 0 11 0 6 28 0 0 0 0 12 29 0 0 8 0 40 30 12 10 16 7 0 Total 344 257 254 177 125
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