Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.
Module 4: Discussion Mrs. K is a 60-year-old white female who presented to the ER with complaints of her heart “beating out of my chest.” She is complaining that she is having increased episodes of shortness of breath over the last month and in fact has to sleep on 4 pillows. She also notes that the typical swelling she’s had in her ankles for years has started to get worse over the past two months, making it especially difficult to get her shoes on toward the end of the day. In the past week, she’s been experiencing fatigue and decreased urine output. Her past history is positive for an acute anterior wall myocardial infarction and coronary artery bypass surgery. She was a 2 pack a day smoker, but quit 8 years ago. On physical examination, auscultation of the heart revealed a rumbling S3 gallop and inspiratory crackles. She has +3 edema of the lower extremities. 1. Discuss the pathophysiology of an S3 heart sound and include causes for an S3 gallop?
Coronary artery bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG, pronounced “cabbage”) surgery, and colloquially heart bypass or bypass surgery, is a surgical procedure to to an obstructed . A normal coronary artery transports to and from the itself, not through the main .
There are two main approaches. In one, the left , LITA (also called left internal mammary artery, LIMA) is diverted to the of the . In this method, the artery is “” which means it is not detached from the origin. In the other, a is removed from a leg; one end is attached to the or one of its major branches, and the other end is attached to the obstructed artery immediately after the obstruction to restore blood flow.
CABG is performed to relieve unsatisfactorily controlled by maximum tolerated anti-ischemic medication, prevent or relieve , and/or reduce the risk of death. CABG does not prevent (heart attack). This surgery is usually performed with the heart stopped, necessitating the usage of . However, two alternative techniques are also available, allowing CABG to be performed on a beating heart either without using the cardiopulmonary bypass, a procedure referred to as “off-pump” surgery, or performing beating surgery using partial assistance of the cardiopulmonary bypass, a procedure referred to as “on-pump beating” surgery. The latter procedure offers the advantages of the on-pump stopped and off-pump while minimizing their respective side-effects.
CABG is often indicated when coronary arteries have a 50 to 99 percent obstruction. The obstruction being bypassed is typically due to , , or both. Arteriosclerosis is characterized by thickening, loss of elasticity, and calcification of the arterial wall, most often resulting in a generalized narrowing in the affected coronary artery. Atherosclerosis is characterized by yellowish plaques of , , and cellular debris deposited into the inner layer of the wall of a large or medium-sized coronary artery, most often resulting in a partial obstruction in the affected artery. Either condition can limit blood flow if it causes a cross-sectional narrowing of at least 50%.

Struggling to find relevant content or pressed for time? – Don’t worry, we have a team of professionals to help you on
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.
Get a 15% Discount on this Paper
Order Now
Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
Sign up, place your order, and leave the rest to our professional paper writers in less than 2 minutes.
step 1
Upload assignment instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
s
Get personalized services with MyCoursebay
One writer for all your papers
You can select one writer for all your papers. This option enhances the consistency in the quality of your assignments. Select your preferred writer from the list of writers who have handledf your previous assignments
Same paper from different writers
Are you ordering the same assignment for a friend? You can get the same paper from different writers. The goal is to produce 100% unique and original papers
Copy of sources used
Our homework writers will provide you with copies of sources used on your request. Just add the option when plaing your order
What our partners say about us
We appreciate every review and are always looking for ways to grow. See what other students think about our do my paper service.
Nursing
Awesome work!!!!!!
Customer 452453, March 24th, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Great Work!
Customer 452587, October 13th, 2021
Other
AWESOME
Customer 452813, June 19th, 2022
Nursing
Everything was done thoroughly and with care. Awesome job!!!
Customer 452453, April 10th, 2021
Criminal law
Thank You!
Customer 452465, January 29th, 2021
Medicine
Thank you for the great services
Customer 452635, April 24th, 2022
Nursing
Thank you for the great job and timely delivery.
Customer 452457, December 18th, 2020
Psychology
Thgank you
Customer 452905, December 11th, 2022
Other
I requested two pages and only have one page and the second pages is references.
Customer 452475, August 22nd, 2022
Other
great
Customer 452813, July 5th, 2022
Other
GOOD
Customer 452813, July 5th, 2022
Nursing
Fantastic work on this project as usual.
Customer 452707, July 5th, 2022
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Get top-notch homework help now. 20% off first 10 orders!

NEW

Thank you for choosing MyCoursebay. Your presence is a motivation to us. All papers are written from scratch. Plagiarism is not tolerated. Order now for a 15% discount

Order Now