Discussion: Human Anatomy and Physiology

Discussion: Human Anatomy and Physiology
Discussion: Human Anatomy and Physiology
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1 of 25
Which of the following would not represent the study of physiology?
[removed]
[removed] Measuring the respiratory rate of a person after a mile sprint.
[removed] Calculating the daily caloric intake of an athlete
[removed] Dissecting the kidney to observe the interior.
[removed] Determining the fasting blood sugar level of a patient.
[removed] Analyzing the EKG of a patient.
2 of 25
Which of the following describes an organ?
[removed]
[removed] Molecules organized into a living unit
[removed] One or more cells with a specific function
[removed] At least two cell types organized for a specific function
[removed] One tissue type organized for a specific function
[removed] Two or more tissue types organized for a specific function
3 of 25
What organ system has the function of protecting and supporting body organs?
[removed]
[removed] Muscular
[removed] Nervous
[removed] Skeletal
[removed] Integumentary
[removed] Endocrine
4 of 25
What is the correct anatomical term for the neck area of the human body?
[removed]
[removed] Cervical
[removed] Patellar
[removed] Axillary
[removed] Coxal
[removed] Lumbar
5 of 25
Place the following in correct sequence from the simplest to most complex:1.molecules2.atoms3.tissues4.cells 5.organs
[removed]
[removed] 1-2-3-4-5
[removed] 2-1-4-3-5
[removed] 2-1-3-4-5
[removed] 1-2-4-3-5
[removed] 1-2-4-5-3
6 of 25
What organ is considered part of the digestive system because it is responsible for the breakdown of some food types?
[removed]
[removed] Liver
[removed] Kidney
[removed] Ovaries
[removed] Pituitary gland
[removed] Spleen
7 of 25
Which of the following is a correct statement about homeostasis?
[removed]
[removed] The effector sends the stimulus to the control center
[removed] The receptor is enhanced by the control center
[removed] The response causes disease
[removed] The receptor sends the stimulus to the control center
[removed] The control center sends the message to the receptor
8 of 25
What is the process of removal of wastes from the body?
[removed]
[removed] Digestion
[removed] Excretion
[removed] Metabolism
[removed] Responsiveness
[removed] Inflammation
9 of 25
The human body responds to a lack of supply of oxygen by rapidly producing red blood cells. What is this is an example of?
[removed]
[removed] Negative feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis
[removed] Positive feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis
[removed] A homeostatic imbalance that will result in disease.
[removed] A response independent of homeostasis
[removed] Negative homeostasis that increases the oxygen supply
10 of 25
What plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections?
[removed]
[removed] Sagittal
[removed] Frontal
[removed] Sectional
[removed] Transverse
[removed] Lateral
11 of 25
In anatomical position, the great toe is located on what side of the foot?
[removed]
[removed] Lateral
[removed] Medial
[removed] Proximal
[removed] Superior
[removed] Distal
12 of 25
A scientific experiment was conducted to assess the effectiveness of a new compound in reducing a high fever. Fifty patients received sugar pills instead of the new compound, and 50 patients were given the new compound. Which of the following statements is true?
[removed]
[removed] The 50 patients receiving the sugar pills are called the experimental group
[removed] The 50 patients receiving the new compound are called the experimental group
[removed] The independent variable is the temperature
[removed] The measured results would be the amount of compound given
[removed] The control group is the patients receiving the new compound
13 of 25
Which of the following is a correct statement about cells of the human body?
[removed]
[removed] They do not need oxygen.
[removed] They do not reproduce.
[removed] They are identical in shape and size.
[removed] They specialize in function.
[removed] They contain cell walls.
14 of 25
Cells that are involved in activities requiring excessive energy will have an abundance of what organelle?
[removed]
[removed] Endoplasmic reticulum
[removed] Chromatin
[removed] Golgi apparatus
[removed] Mitochondria
[removed] Centrioles
15 of 25
What is the formation of a small pocket around a liquid substance by the plasma membrane?
[removed]
[removed] Pinocytosis
[removed] Phagocytosis
[removed] Passive transport
[removed] Osmosis
[removed] Filtration
16 of 25
What are the cellular extensions that move substances along the cell surface called?
[removed]
[removed] Flagella
[removed] Microvilla
[removed] Cilia
[removed] Microtubules
[removed] Cytoskeleton
17 of 25
Mitosis results in the formation of which of the following?
[removed]
[removed] Proteins necessary for survival
[removed] Two daughter nuclei that have the same DNA as the mother nucleus
[removed] Stored energy necessary for cellular functions
[removed] Four daughter cells with half the DNA of the mother nucleus.
[removed] Four centrioles
18 of 25
Which of the following is a function of a plasma membrane protein?
[removed]
[removed] Circulating antibody
[removed] Molecular transport through the membrane
[removed] To form a lipid bilayer
[removed] Oxygen transport
[removed] Chromatin storage
19 of 25
What are the four major tissue types?
[removed]
[removed] Connective, cartilage, muscle and bone
[removed] Bone, muscle, epithelia, nervous
[removed] Bone, muscle, connective, epithelia
[removed] Epithelia, muscle, nervous, connective
[removed] Epithelia, muscle, blood, nervous
20 of 25
Which of the following describes epithelial tissue?
[removed]
[removed] It is highly vascular.
[removed] It has a basement membrane.
[removed] It is usually acellular.
[removed] It contains a number of neuron types.
[removed] It does not regenerate.
21 of 25
Which of the following describes DNA synthesis?
[removed]
[removed] Nucleotides separate into three different codons.
[removed] DNA uncoils and separates into 2 nucleotide chains.
[removed] DNA clumps and forms a double helix.
[removed] DNA replicates during metaphase.
[removed] DNA leaves the nucleus through the nuclear pores.
22 of 25
The shape of the external ear is maintained by what tissue?
[removed]
[removed] Adipose tissue
[removed] Elastic cartilage
[removed] Hyaline cartilage
[removed] Stratified squamous tissue
[removed] Smooth muscle
23 of 25
Thyroid glands secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts. What is this kind of gland called?
[removed]
[removed] Exocrine
[removed] Endocrine
[removed] Sebaceous
[removed] Ceruminous
[removed] Mammary
24 of 25
What is the first step in tissue repair?
[removed]
[removed] Replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells
[removed] Proliferation of fibrous connective tissue
[removed] Inflammation
[removed] Formation of scar tissue
[removed] Repair of blood vessels
25 of 25
What is scar tissue?
[removed]
[removed] Weakly woven reticular fibers
[removed] Dense connective tissue
[removed] Granulation tissue
[removed] Regenerated epithelial tissue
[removed] A tangle of damaged nerve fibers

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