Essential Oil and Kinesio Taping Research Paper

Essential Oil and Kinesio Taping Research Paper Essential Oil and Kinesio Taping Research Paper Help me study for my Health & Medical class. I’m stuck and don’t understand. – 2 responses of each powerpoint 250 words minimum What is one major inaccuracy stated in the internet articles that is not consistent with the scholarly articles? In order to get full credit for each discussion question, post a well-written response to the question with a minimum of 250 words. essential_oil_presentation.pptx kinesio_taping.pptx ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS Essential Oils for Pain & Inflammation This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND Overview • Essential Oils for Pain • Essential Oils for Inflammation • Finding the Right Oils for You • Oils for your Healthkit • 18 Oils for Sore Muscles • Current Research • Conclusions • References This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC Essential Oils For Pain • Natural form of pain relief • Fragrant substances found within different parts of plants • Research has found that essential oils work to relieve symptoms of: • Inflammation • Headaches • Depression • Sleep Disorders • Not regulated by the FDA • Rose oil, Bergamont, Lavender shown to help different sources of pain • (Cronkleton, 2017) This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND Essential Oils for Inflammation • Antioxidants can reduce harmful effects of inflammation • Thyme, Clove, Rose Oil, & Fennel posses antiinflammatory properties • Reduced expression of COX-2 enzyme by 25% • Thyme reduced expression by 75% • Methods of application include: • Diffusion, massage, & by mouth • Not a first-line treatment • (Brusie, 2016) This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA Finding the Right Oils For You • • • • Popularity of CAM has increased recently 8% growth in global market expected by 2024 Always use carrier oils when applying topically What are you looking for in your oil? • Calming, sleep, pain, invigoration (Rekstis, 2018) This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA-NC Range of essential oils that combat aches and pains Thyme: Contains carvacrol, natural inflammatory Clove: High in eugenol, pain relieving properties Oils for Your Health Kit Rose Oil: Reduces skin inflammation Fennel: Improves circulation, inspires movement Bergamot: Anti-inflammatory, Helps to calm emotions (Miller, 2019) Peppermint Oil: Contains Menthol, relieves muscle soreness Marjoram Oil: Relieves muscle spasms Oils for Sore Muscles Eucalyptus Oil: Cooling properties Cypress Oil: Calms Spasms, reduces inflammation Sandalwood Oil: Alleviates muscle tension (Cronkleton, 2019) The Effectiveness of Essential Oils for Patients with Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Study • Subjects: Sixty participants with a history of neck pain • Materials: 3% concentration cream composed of marjoram, black pepper, lavender, & peppermint • Analysis: t-test statistical analysis by SPSS • Results: Improved pain tolerance in left and right trapezius • Conclusions: Essential oil creams can be used to combat neck pain (Ou, Lee, Li & Wu, 2014) This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY The Effects of Aromatherapy on Pain, Depression, and Life Satisfaction of Arthritis Patients • Subjects: 40 Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients • Materials: Lavender, marjoram, eucalyptus, rosemary, & peppermint • Analysis: 2-test, Fisher’s exact test, t-test and paired t-test • Results: Pain & depression scores significantly decrease for experimental group • No increases in life satisfaction scores • Conclusions: Major effects on decreasing pain and depression. Could be a good nursing intervention (Kim, Nam, & Paik, 2017) This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND Individual differences in personality predict the use and perceived effectiveness of essential oils • Subjects: 1,202 participants (61% women) • Measurements: Personality, “BSR”, need for cognition • Results: 66% of sample uses essential oils • Common reasons for discontinuing use include high price & no perception of benefits after use • Those high in BSR were 70% more likely to use essential oils • Findings from previous personality studies did not line up with these findings • Conclusion: Predictors of EO use can be useful for numerous fields. (Ackerman & Chopik, 2020) This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND Procedure: Cell cultures were exposed to numerous inflammatory mediators. Essential oil components decrease pulmonary and hepatic cells inflammation induced by air pollution particulate matter Subjects: Human liver carcinoma & human bronchial epithelial cells provided by European lab Materials: Cellular components of various essential oils to include eugenol and isoeugenol Analysis: Mean, SD, Mann-Whitney U test Results: EO components shown to reduce inflammation (Kfoury, et al., 2016) Conclusion: Further research is needed to determine viability of this treatment option for pulmonary and hepatic cells Lavender essential oil inhalation suppresses allergic airway inflammation and mucous cell hyperplasia in a murine model of asthma • Procedure: Mice injected with ovalbumin, treatment group inhaled lavender essence for 2 weeks following injections • Subjects: Lab Mice, 6-8wks of age • Materials: Ovalbumin, Lavender essence • Analysis: small animal ventilator used to assess pulmonary function Essential Oil and Kinesio Taping Research Paper Essential Oil and Kinesio Taping Research Paper. • Results: Lavender group experienced inhibited airway resistance • Conclusion: Inhalation of lavender may be a viable alternative treatment option in asthma patients (Ueno-Lio, et al., 2014) Essential Oils are effective in reducing pain and inflammation May be psychological component involved Pick the oils that are right for your specific needs Conclusions Though growing in popularity, will likely take time for acceptance by greater medical community Great potential for usages outside of those currently established Need to continue building body of research to solidify as evidence based practice References-Non Scholarly 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Brusie C. Can Essential Oils Relieve Inflammation? [Internet]. HealthLine 2016; Available from: Cronkleton E. Can Essential Oils Act As Pain Relievers? [Internet]. HealthLine 2017; Available from: Cronkleton E. Try This: 18 Essential Oils for Sore Muscles [Internet]. HealthLine 2019; Available from: Miller K. 10 essential oils your inflammation-busting tool kit needs [Internet]. Well & Good 2020; [cited 2020 Apr 1 ] Available from: Rekstis E. Essential Oils 101: Finding the Right One for You [Internet]. HealthLine 2018; Available from: References – Scholarly 1. Ackerman LS, Chopik WJ. Individual differences in personality predict the use and perceived effectiveness of essential oils. PLOS ONE 2020;15(3) 2. Kfoury M, Borgie M, Verdin A, et al. Essential oil components decrease pulmonary and hepatic cells inflammation induced by air pollution particulate matter. ENVIRON CHEM LETT 2016;14(3):345–51. 3. Kim MJ, Nam ES, Paik SI. The Effects of Aromatherapy on Pain, Depression, and Life Satisfaction of Arthritis Patients. J KOREAN ACAD NURS 2005;35(1):186. 4. Ou M-C, Lee Y-F, Li C-C, Wu S-K. The Effectiveness of Essential Oils for Patients with Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Study. J ALTERN COMPLEMENT MED 2014;20(10):771–9. 5. Ueno-Iio T, Shibakura M, Yokota K, et al. Lavender essential oil inhalation suppresses allergic airway inflammation and mucous cell hyperplasia in a murine model of asthma. LIFE SCI 2014;108(2):109–15. What is Kinesio Tape? Google Articles Scholarly Articles Comparisons ? ? ? Kinesio Tape (KT Tape) is a thin elastic tape, approximately the same thickness as the epidermis of the skin, used to lift the skin from the fascia and muscles to allow for more blood and lymphatic flow. KT tape has been used to help reduce inflammation and pain, as well as, improve range of motion (ROM), joint stability, and muscle strength. The benefits of KT tape haven’t been studied extensively. The Wall Street Journal •Author: Laura Johannes •April 27, 2010 Main Points: •Kinesio (KT) Tape can be used for a variety of injuries. •Pattern of the tape depends on the injury. •Can be worn for 2-5 days. •Claims reduction of pain and swelling. •No evidence of long-term or medium-term significant effect. ? Summary ? KT works differently for all injuries, pattern of the tape and tension pulled depend on the desired effects. ? Reduces swelling by pulling up the skin, creating an area of low pressure for fluid to move to and drain. ? Can be applied to the length of a muscle to provide support. ? Many of the different brands claims it reduces pain and swelling. ? A study done using Kinesio Tex showed a short-term effect in increasing ROM of the shoulder. ? No significant difference found in decreasing pain. ? Another study looked at neck pain after a car accident and found the use of KT showed significant pain reduction and improved ROM when compared to sham tape. ? It isn’t clear if KT will work in the hands of the consumers, as it does for trained clinicians NPR • Author: Jessica Stoller-Conrad • August 7, 2012 Main Points: • Soft, stretchy tape often seen on professional/Olympic athletes. • Designed by Dr. Kase to support injured muscles, increase ROM, and decrease muscle pain. • Little quality evidence to support its use in managing and preventing injuries. • Many clinicians think it can be useful, but not a cure all. ? Summary ? KT was developed by a Japanese chiropractor, Kenzo Kase, because he wanted his patients to have something with texture and elasticity close to that of human skin. ? KT gained popularity after its use by many athletes in the 2008 Olympics, even though its been used in the Olympics since 1988. ? 2008 study was found to improve ROM and slightly lessen pain at shoulder. ? 2012 study found little to no quality evidence that supports the use of KT. Essential Oil and Kinesio Taping Research Paper Essential Oil and Kinesio Taping Research Paper. ? Some clinicians think tape can be “useful” but is not a cure for the injuries. CNNhealth • Author: Jen Christensen • August 11, 2012 Main Points: • KT tape is a trend that’s grown in popularity since Olympic athletes have been seen using it. • Pulls at your skin, reminding the body part “what not to do.” • Not much research that backs the claims. • Thought to be more of a psychological edge, but not going to harm anyone from its use. ? Summary ? KT tape gained popularity after being worn by many Olympic athletes during the summer games. ? One athletic trainer said he keeps the tape as a tool to help improve balance in athletes and helps prevent excessive protraction injuries. ? The tape will pull at the skin when starting to overextend a body part, serves as a reminder “not to do that.” ? A flexible tape that can be applied to injured muscles to promote circulation through the tugging on the skin. ? Many healthcare professionals are skeptical of its use given that there aren’t many large studies regarding the effectiveness. ? Believed to be more of a placebo effect, as well as a peer pressure effect. Patch • Author: Cody Scharf • February 10, 2014 Main Points: • Companies claim that KT tape keeps you pain free and gives more support. • Improves circulation and lymphatic flow, reduces friction and takes tension away from certain muscles. • Tape application stimulates mechanoreceptors to reduce pain. • Removes the pain but doesn’t necessarily reduce the risk of injury. ? Summary ? When applied to area of pain, tape stimulates the mechanoreceptors which reduces the perception of pain through sensory gating (allows the brain to override pain signals). ? Similar to taking a pain pill because it blocks messages and pain signals to the brain allowing the body to performs the movements that it previously wasn’t allowing you to do. ? The pain one might have has a reason behind it, before applying the tape you should know what is wrong and try to treat it first. KT tape should be used as more of a last resort treatment method. Daily Mail • Author: Daily Mail Reporter • August 2, 2012 Main Points: • Designed to provide muscle and joint support without restricting movement. • Designed to be applied with a particular taping technique. • Despite its popularity, research articles suggest its ability to relieve pain and improve muscle strength is limited. • Can help in a psychological way – placebo effect. ? Summary ? KT was designed to provide support to both muscles and joints while still allowing for movement, unlike other athletic tape. ? Designed to be applied to the skin with a particular technique. ? KT may be of assistance when trying to improve pain-free ROM, but research doesn’t support the findings of decreasing pain. ? More research needs to be done in order to confirm the positive effects. ? Tape is used to lift the skin allowing for pressure to be reduced and helps to eliminate pain and swelling, but it certainly isn’t a magical tape. ? Many people have been seen wearing it in hopes that it will serve as a preventative measure or an enhancing effect. ? Scientists agree that there may be benefit from it, in the form of a placebo effect Journal of Physiotherapy • Nunes, Vargas, Wagek, Hauphental, Luz, Noronha • 2015 Main Points: • Some studies found that KT tape can stimulate the drainage of edema present leading to reduced swelling • ‘Fan cut’ pattern of KT tape used to reduce swelling • Application of KT tape used to stimulate the lymphatic system to decrease swelling was not effective. ? ? ? Purpose of the research was to determine if KT tape is an effective tool to use to reduce swelling in athletes with an acute lateral ankle sprain. ? 36 athletes with acute lateral ankle sprains ‘Fan cut” pattern of KT tape was applied to both the medial and lateral ankle, fanning across the entirety of the ankle. ? Tape was left on for 3 days. KT tape didn’t reduce swelling in the current study. ? May be due to the acuteness of the injury, other studies found positive results for reducing chronic swelling. ? KT tape may be more useful for acute injuries when they are further along in the inflammatory phase, whereas this study used KT tape within the first 7-10 days. MOJ Orthopedics and Rheumatology • Alghamdi, Shawki • 2018 Main Points: • Participants in study all had chronic ankle instability. Essential Oil and Kinesio Taping Research Paper • KT tape enhances balance control in people with chronic ankle instability. • KT tape enhances functional performance in people with chronic ankle instability. • Previous research has conflicting results, but participants in those studies were all deemed healthy. ? ? ? ? The purpose of the study was to assess immediate effect of KT tape application on balance and function in athletes with chronic ankle instability. ? 30 athletes with chronic ankle instabiltiy KT tape effect on balance: ? Led to improved proprioception due to stimulation of cutaneous mechanoreceptors. ? Pressure and compression that stimulates the mechanoreceptors enhances information transfer about position of joint and its movement. KT tape effect on function: ? Tape led to longer period that participants were able to perform single leg hops. ? Conflicting results to other studies measuring functional movement – however, healthy subjects were examined. KT tape when applied to the ankle significantly increased ’time to loss of balance’ in people with chronic ankle instability as compared to the group that didn’t receive tape. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy • Thelen, Dauber, Stoneman • 2008 Main Points: • When used on the young, active population with rotator cuff pathology KT tape helped relieve pain. • Allowed for pain-free improved ROM immediately. • Overtime, KT tape was no more beneficial than a placebo tape or no tape group. ? The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of KT tape, both immediately and over a duration of time, when applied to people with shoulder pain. ? 42 participants with rotator cuff pathology ? Tape was worn for 2 consecutive 3-day intervals ? Found to improve pain when completing active ROM in participants and decreased intensity of pain. ? Participants self-reported pain/discomfort and pain-free active ROM were measured during multiple intervals throughout assessment. ? By day 6, KT tape group saw no more effectiveness than placebo tape group ? KT tape showed significant improvement when immediately applied, but over the 6-day period it wasn’t effective. Clinical Rheumatology • Kaya, Zinnuroglu, Tugcu • 2011 Main Points: • Regular athletic tape loses function to restrict movement after 15-20 minutes of activity. • KT tape found to provide immediate effect on limitation of active ROM. • KT tape provides immediate sensorimotor feedback: symptom relief, improved comfort level, and better joint stability. • Found to work immediately after application in patients with shoulder impingement. ? ? ? The purpose of this study was to determine how KT tape works as a modality to decrease pain for patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. ? 55 participants with diagnosed shoulder impingement Groups either used KT tape, replaced every 3 days, or a daily program for the course of 2 weeks. While no significant increase or decrease was found in either group regarding function, the KT tape group had an overall lower amount of pain by the end of the 2-week session. ? This study did not have a group that received a placebo tape; therefore results may have been skewed from a placebo effect. ? Based on the results of the study, KT tape can be used as another treatment method when working with patients that have shoulder impingement syndrome. BioMedical Engineering OnLine • Huang, Hsieh, Lu, Su • 2011 Main Points: • All participants were deemed healthy. • Increase in muscle activity during a vertical jump, overall jump height didn’t improve. • KT tape might facilitate muscle contraction. ? ? ? The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of KT tape when applied to the lower extremity when examining a functional movement such as vertical jump height. ? 31 participants that were all deemed healthy individuals. Participants were split into two groups: KT tape group and a placebo tape group. ? All participants received both tapes, but the order in which they received them were different. ? Sessions were performed 3 days apart to avoid any crossover effects from the tapes. Results found that there was no significant increase or decrease found in height of jumps when compared to baseline measures, or when the 2 groups were compared to one another. ? Muscle activity in the medial gastrocnemius saw significant increases, however the muscle activity in the other muscles examined did not sow any significant increases. ? Based on the results, KT tape doesn’t help to increase functional movement performances in healthy individuals. ? ? ? Article presents overall general information about the different patterns and tensions used depending on why KT tape is being used. Specifies how the tape has been show to work when applied by people that are trained in KT tape application, but unsure of how it will work if applied by an amateur. ? All research done in scholarly articles had a clinician that was trained in KT tape application apply the tape to participants. ? Results may have differed if clinician lacked the knowledge. Literature doesn’t support the use of KT tape on acute swelling, although the article mentions it does. ? Long-term effect wasn’t mentioned in this article as more research needs to be done. ? ? ? Describes how and why KT tape was developed and the properties that the tape possesses. ? Talked about in the scholarly articl … Purchase answer to see full attachment Student has agreed that all tutoring, explanations, and answers provided by the tutor will be used to help in the learning process and in accordance with Studypool’s honor code & terms of service . 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