How A Bill Becomes A Law
How A Bill Becomes A Law
How A Bill Becomes A Law
Nurses, as you have learned in this course, are powerful members of the community and the political system.
As a result, for the purposes of this assignment, you will identify a problem or concern in your town, organization, or other setting that could be addressed by legislation.
Youll conduct research and make a recommendation.
Your proposal for the problem or concern may impact a change notion into law through the legislative process.
To begin, look at the media on How a Bill Becomes a Law.
Then watch the Bill to Law Process to see how the scenario plays out.
Refer to the Legislative Assignment after seeing the scenario.
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Ensure that each function of the computer systems applications works and that the system meets the functional requirements and RFP criteria.
Ensure that data is transported smoothly and in the correct format between different systems interfaces.
Ensure that data is transferred correctly from the old to the new system (conversion testing).
Make sure the system can handle a lot of traffic (volume/stress testing).
In a live environment, verify that the system performs as planned.
The bill has been developed.
A bill can be written by any member of Congress, whether from the Senate or the House of Representatives, who has a proposal for a law.
These suggestions come from members of Congress as well as ordinary citizens and advocacy groups.
The sponsor is the primary member of Congress who supports the measure.
The bills additional supporters are referred to as co-sponsors.
Step 2: The bill is introduced in the legislature.
The measure must be introduced when it has been developed.
The bill is introduced in the House if it is sponsored by a Representative.
The bill is introduced in the Senate if it is sponsored by a Senator.
Once a bill is introduced, it can be accessed on Congress.gov, the governments official website for tracking federal legislation.
Step 3: The bill is referred to a committee for consideration.
A bill is referred to a committee as soon as it is introduced.
Both the House and Senate have committees made up of members of Congress who are passionate about a particular area, such as health or international affairs.
When a bill is in the committees hands, it is thoroughly investigated and its chances of being passed by the entire Congress are assessed.
The committee may decide to convene hearings in order to have a better understanding of the bills effects.
Hearings allow the executive branch, experts, other public authorities, advocates, and opponents of the legislation to express themselves publicly.
The bill is declared dead if the committee does not act on it.
Step 4: Bill review by a subcommittee
Subcommittees are subcommittees within committees that specialize in a specific issue.
Bills are frequently sent to a subcommittee for examination and hearings.
The bill may be amended by the subcommittee, and a measure must be referred back to the entire committee by a vote of the subcommittee.
Step 5: The bill is debated in committee.
The committee will meet to mark up the bill after the hearings and subcommittee review are concluded.
Before recommending the bill to the floor, they make revisions and amendments.
The bill dies if a committee votes not to report legislation to the full chamber of Congress.
The bill gets reported to the floor if the committee votes in favor of it.
This is referred to as ordering a bill reported.
Step 6: The bill is voted on by the entire chamber.
When the bill reaches the floor, it is subjected to further debate and a vote by the entire chamber to adopt any amendments.
The bill is then voted on and either passed or defeated by the members.
Step 7: The bill is referred to the other chamber.
When a measure passes the House or Senate, it is sent to the other chamber, where it normally takes the same path through committees and then to the floor.
This chamber has the authority to accept, reject, ignore, or alter the bill as received.
A conference committee may be established by Congress to settle or reconcile disagreements between the House and Senate versions of a bill.
The law will die if the conference committee is unable to achieve an agreement.
If a consensus is established, the committee members prepare a conference report containing final bill recommendations.
The conference report must be approved by both the House and Senate.
Step 8: The bill is sent to the president for signature.
The bill is delivered to the President when it has been approved by both the House and Senate in the same form.
The legislation is signed and becomes law if the President signs it.
The bill becomes law automatically if the President does nothing for ten days while Congress is in session.
If the President opposes the bill, he or she has the power to veto it.
There is also a pocket veto if no action is made for 10 days and Congress has already adjourned.
Step 9: Getting around a veto
If the President vetoes a law, Congress has the option of overriding it.
If the bill receives a two-thirds majority in both the Senate and the House, the Presidents veto is overruled, and the bill becomes law.