At the end of each chapter, there are critical thinking exercises. Choose ONE question from each chapter and submit your answer here. Chapter 24: 1. Can the spread of modern ideas and technology be compar3ed tot he Renaissance in Europe? 2. In view of the decline of Rome and the fragmentation of the Islamic Caliphate, has political control over large expanses of territory always been beneficial to imperial powers? 3. Did religion and political ideology plat as important a role in the West’s challenges to the Russian, Ottoman, and Qing empires as Christianity and Islam did in the dissolution of the Roman Empire? Chapter 25: 1. How did the different colonial experiences of Western Hemisphere nations influence their political and economic pathways after independence? How did differences in climate and the natural environment affect the nations of the Western Hemisphere? How did slavery and free immigration affect the Western Hemisphere?