[ORDER SOLUTION] Justification of Human Law
Three- Two question essays- each question should be answered in 3-4 pages)Question #1In Summary Theologian, St. Thomas Aquinas argues that man is governed by two kinds of law, the eternal and unchanging divine law (or its reasonable approximation in natural law) and the impermanent and temporal law of man or positive law. With regard to mans law, Aquinas puts forth, and then rejects, the proposition:It would seem that there is not a human law. For the natural law is a participation of the eternal laws, as stated above. Now, through the eternal law, all things are most orderly, as Augustine states. Therefore, the natural law suffices for the ordering of all human affairs. Consequently, there is no need for a human law. (Cahn 2012, 306)Using the text for support, please describe Aquinas justification of human law and its limits. Pay particular attention to the structure of the just political community. In what ways does this community comport with that described by Aristotle in Politics?Question #2In The Republic, Plato argues that the role of the Philosopher King is to rule by reason for the collective good and to ensure that each part of society fulfills its specialized role and no other, thus creating a harmonious and just society. At the same time, he empowers the Philosopher King to propagate the lie of the Myth of the Metals to achieve this end. Does the propagation of the myth undermine Platos notion of justice? Why or why not. Be sure to consider Plato’s conception of the philosopher’s nature and use the text, in addition to your own analysis, to support your argument. Remember that the goal of this question is not to describe Plato’s argument but to critically analyze its implications in your own voice.Plato – – https://d2y1pz2y630308.cloudfront.net/15471/documents/2016/10/St.%20Thomas%20Aquinas-Summa%20Theologica.pdf.