Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers.
Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. During the adolescent years it is a time of growing in self-image, self-esteem, and risk taking. Development of self-awareness is important during the adolescent years this is when friendships develop, peer socialization occurs, and shaping of character and personalities take place (Burns, Dunn, Brady, Starr & Blosser, 2013).Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Permalink: https://nursingpaperessays.com/ mental-wellness- ssignment-papers / ? Self-perception is important during the early and late stages of adolescents this is when body-image, peer acceptance, self-esteem and self-concept play a big role in emotional and mental behavior. Body-image along with self-esteem is how the child seeâs self and fit in with their peers, it is self evaluation and the feeling of happiness and satisfaction.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Females go through many emotional changes as well as physical changes, the start of Menes, breast development, and hair in axillaries and pubic areas (Burns et al., 2013). Males go through similar changes with hair growth to axillaries, pubic and facial; they also experience testicle and penis enlargement and voice changes (Burns et al., 2013). These body changes can cause low self-esteem if negative changes occur such as acne, overweight, small body parts (breast/penis) when compared to fellow peers. Self-concept is the part as it relates to academic and life successes, the increased independence gives more opportunities in participation in activities that are socially acceptable (ex. going to mall, movies, dating, out with friends).Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Positive behavior is important to maintain, now with the increased freedom in the adolescent years comes the risky behavior issues. Peer pressure involves the exploration with drinking, smoking and drugs, and sex, also in testing personal boundaries (Burns et al., 2013). Reinforcing good behaviors and punishing bad behaviors is important. Some strategies in positive parenting include talking with the child about right and wrong behaviors and the consequences of negative behaviors. Providing good role models, teach good values and beliefs, and moral judgment. Parents need to listen in a non-judgmental way and provide positive feedback and support.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Mental wellness in adolescents involves coping with stress and psychological issues such as depression, anxiety or suicidal thoughts (Burns et al., 2013). Some other forms of stress are traumatic events such as death in the family, violence in the family (abuse, neglect, or homelessness), school violence (bulling or shooting and suicide), or natural loss of home due to fire. Providers play a role in educating the parents on how to pick up on key signs when talking to child or non-verbal clues is an important part of mental wellness. A key strategy for parents and providers is open communication, it is crucial that know they can come to you and you will not be judgmental.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Mental wellness can also be influenced by genetic factor such as in anxiety or depression disorders. Emotional wellness comes from feeling loved and worthy of love; also a good strong parent-child relationship attachment (Prilleltensky, Nelson & Peirson, 2001).Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Resources for Child and Parents of Adolescent Providers are great a resource for parents during the adolescent years. We can provide assistance in school, psychologists, neurologists, and other institutes for mental wellness. We as providers can guide parents to books and pamphlets to read about teaching adolescents on drugs, alcohol prevention, and sexual abstinence. As providers we teach the child of the risk factors of drugs, alcohol, and STDâs.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Introduction Adolescence (1019 years) is a unique and formative time. Whilst most adolescents have good mental health, multiple physical, emotional and social changes, including exposure to poverty, abuse, or violence, can make adolescents vulnerable to mental health problems. Promoting psychological well-being and protecting adolescents from adverse experiences and risk factors which may impact their potential to thrive are not only critical for their well-being during adolescence, but also for their physical and mental health in adulthood.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Mental health determinants Adolescence is a crucial period for developing and maintaining social and emotional habits important for mental well-being. These include adopting healthy sleep patterns; taking regular exercise; developing coping, problem-solving, and interpersonal skills; and learning to manage emotions. Supportive environments in the family, at school, and in the wider community are also important.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Multiple factors determine the mental health of an adolescent at any one time. The more risk factors adolescents are exposed to, the greater the potential impact on their mental health. Factors which can contribute to stress during adolescence include a desire for greater autonomy, pressure to conform with peers, exploration of sexual identity, and increased access to and use of technology. Media influence and gender norms can exacerbate the disparity between an adolescents lived reality and their perceptions or aspirations for the future.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Other important determinants for the mental health of adolescents are the quality of their home life and their relationships with their peers. Violence (including harsh parenting and bullying) and socio-economic problems are recognized risks to mental health. Children and adolescents are especially vulnerable to sexual violence, which has a clear association with detrimental mental health.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Some adolescents are at greater risk of mental health conditions due to their living conditions, stigma, discrimination or exclusion, or lack of access to quality support and services. These include adolescents living in humanitarian and fragile settings; adolescents with chronic illness, autism spectrum disorder, an intellectual disability or other neurological condition; pregnant adolescents, adolescent parents, or those in early and/or forced marriages; orphans; and adolescents from minority ethnic or sexual backgrounds or other discriminated groups.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Adolescents with mental health conditions are in turn particularly vulnerable to social exclusion, discrimination, stigma (affecting readiness to seek help), educational difficulties, risk-taking behaviours, physical ill-health and human rights violations. Mental health conditions in adolescents Worldwide, it is estimated that 1020% of adolescents experience mental health conditions, yet these remain underdiagnosed and undertreated. Signs of poor mental health can be overlooked for a number of reasons, such as a lack of knowledge or awareness about mental health among health workers, or stigma preventing them from seeking help.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Emotional disorders Emotional disorders commonly emerge during adolescence. In addition to depression or anxiety, adolescents with emotional disorders can also experience excessive irritability, frustration, or anger. Symptoms can overlap across more than one emotional disorder with rapid and unexpected changes in mood and emotional outbursts. Younger adolescents may additionally develop emotion-related physical symptoms such as stomach ache, headache, or nausea.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Globally, depression is the ninth leading cause of illness and disability among all adolescents; anxiety is the eighth leading cause. Emotional disorders can be profoundly disabling to an adolescents functioning, affecting schoolwork and attendance. Withdrawal or avoidance of family, peers or the community can exacerbate isolation and loneliness. At its worse, depression can lead to suicide. Childhood behavioural disorders Childhood behavioural disorders are the sixth leading cause of disease burden among adolescents. Adolescence can be a time where rules, limits and boundaries are tested. However, childhood behavioural disorders represent repeated, severe and non-age-appropriate behaviours such as hyper-activity and inattention (such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) or destructive or challenging behaviours (for example, conduct disorder). Childhood behavioural disorders can affect adolescents education, and are sometimes associated with contact with judicial systems.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Eating disorders Eating disorders commonly emerge during adolescence and young adulthood. Most eating disorders affect females more commonly than males. Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are characterised by harmful eating behaviours such as restricting calories or binge eating. Anorexia and bulimia nervosa also include a preoccupation with food, body shape or weight, and behaviours such as excessive exercise or vomiting to compensate for calorie intake. People with anorexia nervosa have a low body weight and a heightened fear of weight gain. People with binge eating disorder can experience feelings of distress, guilt or self-disgust when binge eating. Eating disorders are detrimental to health and often co-exist with depression, anxiety and/or substance misuse.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Psychosis Disorders which include symptoms of psychosis most commonly emerge in late adolescence or early adulthood. Symptoms of psychosis can include hallucinations (such as hearing or seeing things which are not there) or delusions (including fixed, non-accurate beliefs). Experiences of psychosis can severely impair an adolescents ability to participate in daily life and education. In many contexts, adolescents with psychosis are highly stigmatized and at risk of human rights violations.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Suicide and self-harm It is estimated that 62 000 adolescents died in 2016 as a result of self-harm. Suicide is the third leading cause of death in older adolescents (1519 years). Nearly 90% of the worlds adolescents live in low- or middle-income countries but more than 90% of adolescent suicides are among adolescents living in those countries. Suicide attempts can be impulsive or associated with a feeling of hopelessness or loneliness. Risk factors for suicide are multifaceted, including harmful use of alcohol, abuse in childhood, stigma against help-seeking, barriers to accessing care, and access to means. Communication through digital media about suicidal behaviour is an emerging concern for this age group.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Risk-taking behaviours Many risk-taking behaviours for health, such as substance use or sexual-risk taking, start during adolescence. Limitations in adolescents ability to plan and manage their emotions, normalization of the taking of risks that have an impact on health among peers and contextual factors such as poverty and exposure to violence can increase the likelihood of engaging in risk-taking behaviours. Risk-taking behaviours can be both an unhelpful strategy to cope with poor mental health, and can negatively contribute to and severely impact an adolescents mental and physical well-being.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Harmful use of substances (such as alcohol or drugs) are major concerns in most countries. Worldwide, the prevalence of heavy episodic drinking among adolescents aged 15-19 years was 13.6% in 2016, with males most at risk. Harmful substance use in adolescents increases the likelihood of further risk-taking such as unsafe sex. In turn, sexual risk-taking increases adolescents risk of sexually-transmitted infections and early pregnancy a leading cause of death for older adolescent girls and young women (including during childbirth and from unsafe abortion).Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. The use of tobacco and cannabis are additional concerns. In 2016, based on data available from 130 countries, it was estimated that 5.6% of 1516 year olds had used cannabis at least once in the preceding year . Many adult smokers have their first cigarette prior to the age of 18 years.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Perpetration of violence is a risk-taking behaviour which can increase the likelihood of low educational attainment, injury, involvement with crime, or death. Interpersonal violence was ranked the second leading cause of death of older adolescent boys in 2016.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Promotion and prevention Interventions to promote adolescents mental health aim to strengthen protective factors and enhance alternatives to risk-taking behaviours. Promotion of mental health and well-being helps adolescents in building resilience so that they can cope well in difficult situations or adversities. Promotion programmes for all adolescents and prevention programmes for adolescents at risk of mental health conditions require a multilevel approach with varied delivery platforms for example, digital media, health or social care settings, schools, or the community.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Examples of promotion and prevention activities include: one-to-one, group-delivered, or self-guided online psychological interventions; family-focused interventions such as caregiver skills training, including interventions which address caregivers needs; school-based interventions, such as: organizational changes for a safe, secure and positive psychological environment; teaching on mental health and life-skills; training staff in detection and basic management of suicide risk; and school-based prevention programmes for adolescents vulnerable to mental health conditions; community-based interventions such as peer leadership or mentoring programmes; prevention programmes targeted at vulnerable adolescents, such as those affected by humanitarian and fragile settings, and minority or discriminated groups; programmes to prevent and manage the effects of sexual violence on adolescents; multisectoral suicide prevention programmes; multilevel interventions to prevent alcohol and substance abuse; comprehensive sex education to help prevent risky sexual behaviours; and violence prevention programmes. Early detection and treatment It is crucial to address the needs of adolescents with defined mental health conditions. Avoiding institutionalization and over-medicalization, prioritizing non-pharmacological approaches, and respecting the rights of children in line with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and other human rights instruments are key for adolescents.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Interventions for adolescents should consider: The importance of early detection and provision of evidence-based interventions for mental and substance use disorders. WHOs mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) provides evidence-based guidelines for non-specialists to enable them to better identify and support priority mental health conditions in lower-resourced settings. Transdiagnostic interventions for example, those which target multiple mental health problems. Delivery by supervised staff who are trained in managing adolescents specific needs. Engaging and empowering caregivers, where appropriate, and exploring adolescents preferences. Face-to-face and guided self-help methods, including electronic mental health interventions. Due to stigma or the feasibility of accessing services, unguided self-help may be suitable for adolescents.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Psychotropic medication should be used with great caution and should only be offered to adolescents with moderate-severe mental health conditions when psychosocial interventions prove ineffective and when clinically indicated and with informed consent. The treatments should be provided under the supervision of a specialist and with close clinical monitoring for potential adverse effects.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Emotional health is an important part of overall health. People who are emotionally healthy are in control of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. They are able to cope with lifes challenges. They can keep problems in perspective and bounce back from setbacks. They feel good about themselves and have good relationships.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Being emotionally healthy does not mean you are happy all the time. It means you are aware of your emotions. You can deal with them, whether they are positive or negative. Emotionally healthy people still feel stress, anger, and sadness. But they know how to manage their negative feelings. They can tell when a problem is more than they can handle on their own. They also know when to seek help from their doctor.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Research shows that emotional health is a skill. There are steps you can take to improve your emotional health and be happier. Path to improved well being Emotional health is an important part of your life. It allows you to realize your full potential. You can work productively and cope with the stresses of everyday life. It helps you work with other people and contribute to society.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. It also affects your physical health. Research shows a link between an upbeat mental state and physical signs of good health. These include lower blood pressure, reduced risk of heart disease, and a healthier weight There are many ways to improve or maintain good emotional health.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Be aware of your emotions and reactions. Notice what in your life makes you sad, frustrated, or angry. Try to address or change those things. Express your feelings in appropriate ways. Let people close to you know when something is bothering you. Keeping feelings of sadness or anger inside adds to stress. It can cause problems in your relationships and at work or school. Think before you act. Emotions can be powerful. Give yourself time to think, and be calm before you say or do something you might regret.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Manage stress. Try to change situations causing you stress. Learn relaxation methods to cope with stress. These could include deep breathing, meditation, and exercise. Strive for balance. Find a healthy balance between work and play and between activity and rest. Make time for things you enjoy. Focus on positive things in your life. Take care of your physical health. Your physical health can affect your emotional health. Exercise regularly, eat healthy meals, and get enough sleep. Dont abuse drugs or alcohol. Connect with others. We are social creatures. We need positive connections with other people. Make a lunch date, join a group, and say hi to strangers. Find purpose and meaning. Figure out what it is important to you in life, and focus on that. This could be your work, your family, volunteering, caregiving, or something else. Spend your time doing what feels meaningful to you. Stay positive. Focus on the good things in your life. Forgive yourself for making mistakes, and forgive others. Spend time with healthy, positive people.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Things to consider People who have good emotional health can still have emotional problems or mental illness. Mental illness often has a physical cause. This could be a chemical imbalance in the brain. Stress and problems with family, work, or school can trigger mental illness or make it worse.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Counseling, support groups, and medicines can help people who have emotional problems or mental illness. If you have an ongoing emotional problem, talk to your family doctor. He or she can help you find the right type of treatment.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Thats the thing about depression: A human being can survive almost anything, as long as she sees the end in sight. But depression is so insidious, and it compounds daily, that its impossible to ever see the end. Elizabeth Wurtzel, Prozac Nation As teenagers go through stages of puberty, one may become emotionally confused about different events. Teenagers experience stress of gaining or maintaining a new job, increase on schoolwork and misunderstanding parents. As the ups and downs in life occur, some seem to mentally last longer than others. Mental health amongst adolescents is an every day issue. Within a society of rules and norms; mental health problems with teenagers result in different reactions. The top three mental health issues amongst teens are depression, self-harm, and suicide.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Firstly, depression can be linked back to family members with depression. As the genetics pass on so does the mental health issues. For example, if the parent(s) suffered from depression in their teenager years, the child is more likely to suffer around the same time. The genetic risk of developing clinical depression is about 40% (Black Dog, 2013). Secondly, stress can lead to depression. Stress can come from work, family and financial issues. For example, working two jobs and trying to make ends meet can be overwhelming. This can trigger depression as one ends up feeling lonely and unable to do basic things. As a teenager, some are forced to work two jobs in order to provide basic necessities. Thirdly, underemployment or unemployment can cause depression through financial issues (Financial Highway, 2013). Basic necessities cannot be provided for ones self or family. This contributes to self-esteem as having no money means not having decent clothes or money to go places. For example, at school kids would have the latest fashion styles, phones and lunch money. A teenager in this atmosphere with this situation would have money for one or none of these things. Surrounded with these tribulations can cause depression amongst adolescents.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Secondly, mental health is dealt with through self-harm amongst teenagers. Self-harm can be in different ways such as cutting, ripping and beating ones self. For example, cutting is the most common way of self-harm. According to Healthy Place, 90 percent of people who engage in self-harm begin during their teen or pre-adolescent years. Cutting also known as self-mutilation can begin from a tender age of 14 and can carry on into transitioning as an adult. Secondly, self-harm can be a physical release of emotional pain. According to studentsagainstdepression.org, it is described as intense mixture of symbolic meanings self-punishment, but also a mark of courage; a physical manifestation of inner pain for self and/or others to see; something to hide, but also something with which to shock and hurt others. Although this sums it up, it could also mean a way of escaping emotional feelings towards situations and life as whole.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Your teenage child needs good mental health to develop in a healthy way, build strong relationships and deal with challenges. A strong and loving relationship with you can have a direct and positive impact on your childs mental health. Physical health is key to mental health. Encourage your child to stay active, eat well, sleep, and avoid alcohol and other drugs. If youre concerned about your childs mental health, start by talking with your child.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. On this page: What is pre-teen and teenage mental health? Promoting good teenage mental health Signs your child might need help with mental health Talking with your child about mental health Getting help for your childs mental health problems Teenage mental health conditions What is pre-teen and teenage mental health? Mental health is a way of describing social and emotional wellbeing. Your child needs good mental health to develop in a healthy way, build strong relationships, adapt to change and deal with lifes challenges.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Pre-teens and teenagers who have good mental health often: feel happier and more positive about themselves and enjoy life have healthier relationships with family and friends do physical activity and eat a healthy diet get involved in activities have a sense of achievement can relax and get a good nights sleep feel like they belong to their communities. Adolescence can be a risky period for mental health problems. On top of environment and genes, teenagers go through many changes and challenges in a short period of time. This all happens while teenage brains are still maturing.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Promoting good teenage mental health Your love and support and a strong relationship with you can have a direct and positive impact on your childs mental health. It can even reduce the chances of your child experiencing mental health problems.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Here are some ideas to promote your childs mental health and wellbeing: Show love, affection and care for your child. Show that youre interested in whats happening in your childs life. Praise his efforts as well as his good points and achievements and value his ideas. Enjoy spending time together one on one with your child, and also as a family.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Encourage your child to talk about feelings with you. Its important for your child to feel she doesnt have to go through things on her own and that you can work together to find solutions to problems. Deal with problems as they arise, rather than letting them build up. Talk to trusted family members, friends, other parents or teachers if you have any concerns. If you feel you need more help, speak to your GP or another health professional.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Physical health is a big part of mental health. To help your child stay emotionally and physically healthy, encourage your child to do the following: Keep active. Physical fitness will help your child stay healthy, have more energy, feel confident, manage stress and sleep well. Develop and maintain healthy eating habits. Get lots of regular sleep. Quality sleep will help your child to manage a busy life, stress and responsibilities.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Avoid alcohol and other drugs. Alcohol and other drugs are a major risk factor for teenage mental health problems. You should encourage your child to avoid drugs, and dont give him opportunities to drink alcohol until hes 18 years old. If you know your child is using alcohol or other drugs and youre worried, talk with your child. Also consider speaking to a health professional or counsellor.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Signs your child might need help with mental health Its normal for children and teenagers to sometimes have low moods, poor motivation and trouble sleeping. These things arent always the signs of a mental health problem. But if you notice any of the following signs and the signs go on for more than a few weeks, its important to talk with your child. The next step is to get professional help.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. For children younger than 12 years, mental health warning signs might include: sadness a lot of the time a drop in school performance ongoing worries or fears problems fitting in at school or getting along with other children aggressive or consistently disobedient behaviour, or repeated temper tantrums sleep problems, including nightmares. For children 12 years and older, watch out for your child: seeming down, feeling things are hopeless, being tearful or lacking motivation having trouble coping with everyday activities showing sudden changes in behaviour, often for no obvious reason having trouble eating or sleeping dropping in school performance, or suddenly refusing to go to school, TAFE or work avoiding friends or social contact saying she has physical pain for example, headache, stomach ache or backache being aggressive or antisocial for example, missing school, getting into trouble with the police, fighting or stealing being very anxious about weight or physical appearance, losing weight or failing to gain weight as she grows. If your child tells you he keeps thinking about self-harm or suicide, seek urgent professional help. Call Lifeline on 131 114, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. You can also call 000 or go straight to a hospital emergency department.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Talking with your child about mental health If youre concerned about your childs mental health, start by talking to your child. This might feel uncomfortable you might even be waiting for the problem to go away. But talking to your child about how shes feeling shows her shes not alone and that you care. Also, your child might need your help to get professional support.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Here are some ideas to encourage your child to talk to you about how hes feeling: Say that even adults have problems they cant sort out on their own. Point out that its easier to get help when you have someone elses support.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Tell your child that its not unusual for young people to feel worried, stressed or sad. Also tell her that opening up about personal thoughts and feelings can be scary. Tell your child that talking about a problem can often help put things into perspective and make feelings clearer. Someone with more or different experience like an adult might be able to suggest options your child hasnt thought of. Suggest some other people your child could talk to if he doesnt want to talk to you for example, aunts or uncles, close family friends, a trusted sports coach or religious leader, or your GP. Let your child know that talking with a GP or other health professional is confidential. They cant tell anyone else, unless theyre worried about your childs safety or someone elses safety. Emphasise that your child isnt alone. Youll be there whenever shes ready to talk.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. If you raise your concerns with your child, he might refuse any help or say theres nothing wrong. Many young people wont seek help themselves. So you might need to say that youre worried about him and youll be trying to get professional advice. Its a good idea to encourage your child to come with you. If he wont, you might need to go on your own. If youre not sure what to do, a GP or school counsellor is a good place to start. Your child could try a confidential counselling service for young people like Kids Helpline for teens 1800 551 800. There are also online therapy services like Reach Out, Youth Beyond Blue and eheadspace .Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. Getting help for your childs mental health problems Mental health problems are unlikely to get better on their own, so you need to get professional help as soon as possible. Poor mental health or unmanaged mental health problems can affect your childs quality of life, physical health, schoolwork, relationships and development social, physical, educational and vocational.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. There are many professional support options, including: your GP school counsellors psychologists and counsellors social workers your local community health centre local mental health services. Supporting a child with mental health issues can be hard. Its important to look after yourself too. You can find support options on our mental health links and resources page. You could also call Parentline on 1800 301 300 or visit the Parentline web counselling page.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment Papers. If you dont know where to go, your GP will be able to guide you to the most appropriate services for your family.Mental Wellness in Adolescents Assignment