Question: White House and Congress, and other politicians, are so preoccupied with winning elections that they have little or no time for governing. This comment reflects the idea now popular among leading observers of political life in Washington-that elected officials are increasingly engaged in a permanent campaign, and that little or nothing of substance can get accomplished under these conditions. What are the characteristics and indicators of the permanent campaign? How does the permanent campaign impact on the functions of governing? Is the increased attentiveness to the public and constituencies good for American democracy? Why or Why not?