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Please reply to the following post 100 words with one reference

#1

Carolina Carolina

Nursing Research

Professor Hirigoyen

This week’s reflection is based on Chapters 12 and 13, which note the specifics of ethics in scientific research. Nursing research is held to the same ethical standards as all other research involving human participants (Tappen, 2016). Nurses and health professionals need to understand and apply ethical principles to their own research, as well as to the reading and review of research. An important document I learned about was the Declaration of Helsinki, which in 1964 formed as a statement about ethical principles, initially applied to medical research, but which now guides all types of research.

Of the three core principles, the most important is ‘respect of persons’ where the participants’ welfare takes precedence over interests of the researchers, society or science. Safeguards to participants are paramount and include strategies to mitigate potential harm related to emotional well-being, impact on employment, financial or social status and more.

References

Health and Human Services (HHS). (2010). Approval of Research with Conditions: OHRP Guidance. Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/regulations-and-policy/gui…

Tappen, R. M. (2016). Advanced nursing research: from theory to practice. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

#2

Ruben Dubon

Nursing Research

Professor Hirigoyen

This week’s chapter readings consisted of research ethics and participant recruitment. Both of these two topics are highly important and crucial in order to conduct any kind of research. This is especially evident and can be attributed to two words regarding chapter 12. The core of chapter 12 consists of ethics and trust. It is imperative that ethics must be upheld in order to establish trust by the participants. For example, it has been highly unethical what some researchers have done in the past. This includes evil experimentation by way of unknowing participants of what the ramifications of their participation involved. Such experiments such as the participants of the Tuskegee Airmen. The researchers purposefully and maliciously omitted the curative treatment of penicillin in order to syphilis to evolve in the body (Brouse, 2006). This led to the premature mortality of many of these men. In this experiment many of the guidelines were not followed that include 1. Respect for person, 2. Beneficence, and 3. Justice. These key guidelines were omitted without any due regard to the participants. There should have been some sort of informed consent given to these men without any sort of omission of any kind of treatment (Tappen, 2016).

Chapter 13 consists of participant recruitment. Recruitment consists of a series of ethical criteria that must be met in order to allow the participants to ethically say yes. This includes specificity such as who meets inclusion and exclusion criteria. This includes such things such accessibility, barriers, trust and persuasion. Information must be given through dissemination of information such as electronically in the effort to gather willing participants. Consent must be obtained in order to consider the participants as willing and autonomous. The participants must also meet the requirements; this is done to not allow information to misinterpreted. Results and finding must be given to the participants. Other things that should be considered are things such as barriers. This includes beliefs or attitudes towards the experiment by the participants. Other things include such logistics such as transportation and incentives such as pay. However, I believe that the biggest take away that one must take is the fact that all research must be ethical in order to promote trust (Tappen, 2016).

References

Brouse, A. G. (2006). Forty years of medical racism: The tuskegee experiments. School Library Journal, 52(4), 162-162,164. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/211794443?acco…

Tappen, R. M. (2016). Advanced nursing research: from theory to practice. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

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