[SOLVED] Sustainable Engineering, answear question paper
Im studying and need help with a Engineering question to help me learn.
1. What 5 countries currently have the highest population growth rate (cite your
source)? Compare that to the United States growth rate. What 5 cities
(worldwide) have the highest population growth rate (cite your source)?
Calculate the population doubling time for each of these.
2. Using the World Urbanization Prospects The 2018 Revision, what are the global
urban and rural populations in 2018 and projections for 2050? What are the
urban and rural population growth rates for these time periods? Why are there
differences between more and less developed countries?
3. What is Development vs. Sustainable Human Development? Provide an example of
how we measure each, including one pro and con for each.
4. Explain the IPAT equation. Give two examples where technology has increased
out impact on the planet/environment in a negative way. Give two examples of
where technology has lowered the impact on the planet and the environment.
5. What is the classical shape of the Kuznets curve? What are some of the
variants seen in real life? Do you agree that all environmental problems will
be fixed as affluence increases?
6. List the types of ecosystems services offered to humans by nature (see
Costanza et al. paper in optional readings). What are the advantages and
disadvantages of valuing nature in terms of money?
7. What is Dalys rule for fixing the issues with resource scarcity, pollution,
economic growth, etc. What are some challenges in applying this rule?
8. Compare and contrast three different definitions of sustainable development.
What are the pros and cons of each?