Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles

Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles 1. Get your literature review ready a)You need to select a minimum of 5 research articles( Primary Sources) from the literature search (from 2015 and above, also has to be Nursing Journals or Health related) that was conducted to justify your PICOT question. Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles b) Next, analyze all 5 or more articles. You need to pay attention to how the research question, purpose, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion of the paper and how these support the research question. Add your knowledge about research to it and how this affects nursing practice. Last, write a short paper (3-5 pages in total). Include a complete citation for each article you reviewed. 2. Ensure to submit two copies of your Literature Review assignment. Submit One here and the other copy in the Turn it in the link below. The attachment below are samples of literature reviews lit_review__autorecovered_.docx literature_review_2a.docx n410_literature_review_strokes.docx son_syllabus_supplement_nsg_410_term_3__2020.pdf Running Head: LITERATURE REVIEW 1 Literature Review Professor: Dr. Intima Alrimawi Stratford University LITERATURE REVIEW 2 Introduction Keeping the hands clean and proper handwashing, are some of the most important steps to take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to others (CDC, 2017). Keeping that in mind, absenteeism is a growing problem among school-aged children, with approximately 75% of all school absences attributed to illness (Lau et al., 2013). Hand washing is of great importance in this matter, but the role of instruction is far less obvious. The purpose of this literature review, is to evaluate five research articles that focus on the importance of hand washing education, and its relation to illness-related absenteeism among school-age children. My article search was done by use of Medline/PubMed Resources and ProQuest, using keywords, hand hygiene, illnessrelated absenteeism, and childhood illness prevention. Clinical Question In District of Columbia Public School students, grades K-4, what is the effect of a comprehensive handwashing program (handwashing education and use of hand sanitizer), compared with no comprehensive handwashing program, on the rate of illness-related absenteeism, within 3 months. Background The first article, “Effectiveness of Hand Hygiene Intervention in Reducing Illness Absence Among Children in Educational Settings, by Wilmott et al., is a systematic review and meta-analysis study, done to establish the effectiveness of handwashing in reducing absence among school-aged children. Specifically, the study took an in depth look at the spread of respiratory tract and gastrointestinal infections, and their frequency among children and/or staff in the educational setting. Interventions in this study, consisted of education with a hand hygiene LITERATURE REVIEW 3 component, which involved eighteen cluster RCT’s of 13 school-based and 5 child day care facilities (Wilmott et al., 2015). Results of the teaching suggested that interventions may reduce children’s absences, although randomization was inadequate. The study was not well executed or reported, despite an updated existing systematic review, which found that identifying new studies relating evidence of the effect of hand hygiene interventions on absenteeism, would need to be more robust (Wilmott et al., 2015). The second article, “The Impact of Common Infections on School Absenteeism During an Academic Year,” by Azor-Martinez et al., is a randomized, controlled open study, which focused on the assessment of the impact of infections on school absenteeism, and their reduction with a handwashing program using hand sanitizer (Azor-Martinez, 2014). Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles The study, which took place over an 8-month time frame, consisted of an experimental group of 4-12-year-olds, who washed hands with soap and water, complemented with hand sanitizer. There was also a control group that followed usual handwashing protocol. It was found that the percentage of missed days due to upper respiratory infections and GI infections, were significantly lower in the experimental group, during a flu period (Azor-Martinez, 2014). Researchers determined that this approach was effective, due to full participation of students and staff. The third article, “Comparative efficacy of a simplified handwashing program for improvement in hand hygiene and reduction of school absenteeism among children with intellectual disability,” by Lee et al., is a quasi-experimental study, which purpose is to test the feasibility and sustainability of a simplified 5-step handwashing technique, to measure the hand hygiene outcome for students with mild intellectual disability. An intervention group of 20 students underwent pre and post testing using available social learning factors, a multimedia approach, and fluorescent stain rating tests to assess handwashing quality. Results from the LITERATURE REVIEW 4 intervention group, showed that there was significant increase in the rating of handwashing quality in both hands of each student (Lee et al., 2015). Students in this study showed better performance in simplified handwashing techniques, and experienced lower absenteeism than using usual practice (Lee et al., 2015). The fourth article, “Effect Evaluation of a Randomized Trial to Reduce Infectious Illness and Illness-related Absenteeism Among School children: The Hi Five Study,” by Denbaek et al., evaluates whether a school-based multicomponent intervention would improve handwashing among schoolchildren, and succeed in reducing infectious illness and illness-related absenteeism in schools (Denbaek et al., 2018). Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles The multicomponent intervention used in this study, is called The Hi Five study, a three-armed cluster-randomized controlled trial. It involved 43 randomly selected schools in Denmark (half control, half intervention), in which parents were educated and surveyed via text message, regarding proper handwashing. A questionnaire was also administered to school children, regarding handwashing practices at home and school (Denbaek et al., 2018). Mandatory daily handwashing was also implemented before lunch. A follow-up showed that intervention schools did not differ from control schools, in number of illness days, and that the multicomponent intervention achieved no difference in the number of illness day, illness episodes, or illness-related absences among children (Denbaek et al., 2018). The fifth article is, “Hand hygiene instruction decreases illness-related absenteeism in elementary school: a prospective cohort study,” by Lau et al. The purpose of this study was to compare absenteeism rates among elementary students, who were given access to hand hygiene facilities versus being given both access and short repetitive instruction (Lau et al., 2013). During one academic year, students in an intervention group and control group, were systematically assigned. Intervention students were given short repetitive instruction in hand LITERATURE REVIEW 5 washing every 2 months, where the control was only given access to hand washing facilities (Lau et al., 2013). Percentage of absent days were calculated, and bivariate analyses were performed to compare percent absent days of students given access to hand hygiene facilities, versus those given instruction and access (Lau et al., 2013). Participants were fully compliant, and results showed that total absent day and illness-related absences were significantly lower in the group receiving short instruction and access (Lau et al., 2013). Conclusion Each of the articles that I have listed were similar, in that they are primary sources, had one common goal, to factor in the importance of proper handwashing, through education and active participation, to lower the rate of illness-related absenteeism among school-age children. All but one of the studies consisted of randomization sampling, which was “Comparative efficacy of a simplified handwashing program for improvement in hand hygiene and reduction of school absenteeism among children with intellectual disability.” The only inconsistencies present are with the study titled, “Effectiveness of hand hygiene interventions in reducing illness absence among children in educational settings.” This study was not generally well executed or reported, due to the young age of some of the participants, lack of cooperation, and quality issues including small numbers of clusters/participants, which resulted in inadequate randomization (Wilmott et al., 2015).Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles LITERATURE REVIEW 6 References Azor-Martinez, Gonzalez-Jimenez, Seijas-Vasquez, Carrascosa, & Santisteban-Martinez. (2014). The Impact of Common Infections on School Absenteeism During an Academic Year. American Journal of Infection Control, 632-637. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Clean Hands Count for Safe Healthcare. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/features/handhygiene/index.html Denbaek, Andersen, Bomnesen, Laursen, & Johansen. (2018). Effect Evaluaion of a Randomized Trial to Reduce Infectious Illness and Illness-related Absenteeism Among Schoolchildren: The Hi Five Study. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. Lau, Springston, Sohn, Mason, Gadola, Damitz, & Gupta. (2013). Hand Hygiene Instruction Decreases illness-related Absenteeism in Elementary Schools: A Prospective Cohort Study. BMC Pediatrics. Lee, Leung, Tong, Chen, & Lee, H. (2015). Comparative Efficacy of a Simplified Handwashing Program for Improvement in Hand Hygiene and Reduction of School Absenteeism among Children with Intellectual Disability. American Journal of Infection Control, 907912. Wilmott, Nicholson, Busse, MacArthur, Brooker, & Campbell. (2015). Effectiveness of Hand Hygiene Intervention in Reducing Illness Absence Among Children in Educational Settings. BMJ Journal: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Running head: LITERATURE REVIEW Literature Review Stratford University 1 LITERATURE REVIEW 2 Literature Review This literature review will discuss and critique five articles addressing new graduate nurse retention, in relation to my research question of, “For new graduate nursing students hired into INOVA Fairfax ED, does the use of a buddy program for the first year of employment reduce the future risk of turnover compared with no post-orientation intervention?”. Retention of new graduate nurses in all nursing specialties is imperative. Not only is it cost effective to increase the rate of retention of new graduates, the decrease in turnover will improve staffing ratios and patient outcomes. There is a need for research on post-orientation interventions such as a buddy program to decrease turnover of new graduate nurses. Building relationship between new and experienced staff members in crucial, because we are already experiencing a shortage of nurses. Therefore, we need to find a way to stop new nurses form leaving their positions within the first year, and further decrease the likelihood they will leave the profession altogether. The first study reviewed was a phenomenological study seeking to understand the experiences of graduate nurses and their transition into professional practice (Kelly & McAllister, 2013). A two-year study in which fourteen out of sixty-five senior nursing students from an Australian university participated. The subjects varied in age and background. The preceptors had minimal training received by the hospital that would affect the reliability of this study. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and journals kept by the participants. The data was collected and inputted into NVivo, an analysis tool, to generate themes throughout the data. There was consistency of data collection and the analysis tools used were appropriate for this study. Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles LITERATURE REVIEW 3 The size of this study was limited, which could affect generalizability of the findings. However, the details provided by the participants will aid in the understanding barriers and facilitators of quality learning through clinical preceptors (Kelly & McAllister, 2013). The information obtained through this study expresses a deep need for relationship building between the preceptor and the student to enhance the learning process and build confidence as a new nurse. The second study, a phenomenological study, followed seven new graduate nurses. All of which varied in age, degrees (i.e. associates or bachelor’s), hospitals, and department. The inclusion criteria consisted of being a new graduate nurse and participation in a new grad residency program. Data collection was obtained through audio recorded interviews performed by the primary researcher. Each interview lasted forty-five to sixty minutes in a setting selected by the participant, which shows consistency in the collection of the data. Great consideration and rigor was taken into account concerning credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability of the data (Moore & Cagle, 2012). Two experienced researchers individually collectively analyzed this data to confirm emerging themes. Some limitations to this research was concerning the background and history of the participants had including prior patient care experience. The third study reviewed was a convergent mixed methods study which was a part of a larger project. The larger project was evaluating the effectiveness of clinical supervision for new graduate nurses that were working in an acute care setting (Hussein, Everett, Ramjan, & Salamonson, 2017). The sample size was one hundred-forty new graduate nurses which were enrolled in a twelve-month long transition program at a Sydney hospital. The Manchester Clinical Supervision Scale (MCSS-26) was used to assess the new graduate nurse’s perception of LITERATURE REVIEW 4 the quality of clinical supervision. In addition, the Practice Environment Scale -Australia (PESAUS) was used to assess satisfaction with the clinical environment. These tools allowed for consistency in the collection of the data. Other factors were also taken into consideration such as age, gender, and prior experience in the healthcare profession (Hussein, Everett, Ramjan, & Salamonson, 2017). The quantitative data was analyzed using a statistical software package (IBM SPSS Statistics Version 22), and “continuous variables were assessed for normality using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and expressed as median and range” (Hussein, Everett, Ramjan, & Salamonson, 2017, p.4). This form of data collection and analysis was appropriate for this study, and tools have been proven to be reliable. Although there are limitations to this study, which include the study being conducted at only one facility. Additionally, the self-repot methods used for the qualitative portion of this survey were not very reliable. Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles The fourth study reviewed was a retrospective descriptive evaluative design, which looked at retention between two groups of graduate RNs in the critical care units of Cohen Children’s Medical Center (CCMC) before and after the initiation of the Pediatric Fellowship Program (PNFP) (Friedman, Delaney, Schmidt, Quinn, & Macyk, 2013). A nonprobability convenience sample was used for this study. The sample in this study consists of new graduate RNs hired to begin nursing orientation during March 2005 to August 2007, prior to the initiation of the PNFP, and September 2007 to March 2010, after the initiation of PNFP (Friedman, Delaney, Schmidt, Quinn, & Macyk, 2013). The collection of data regarding retention of both groups was retrieved through the CCMC’s HR department. The data for both groups was measured longitudinally at four different points after the commencement of the new graduate’s program. There was consistency in the collection of data, as well as reliability in the source of the data. The tool used to measure all data was made specifically for this study, appropriate for LITERATURE REVIEW 5 this data analysis. Limitations in this study are concerned with the retrospective design. Other variables that may have affected new graduate nurse retention are those that the researchers were unable to detect. There was a significant increase in the new graduate nurse retention once the PNFP was implemented (Friedman, Delaney, Schmidt, Quinn, & Macyk, 2013). The last study which I reviewed was a qualitative study aimed to reveal the experiences and perceptions of nurses regarding turnover to identify strategies to improve retention, job satisfaction, and performance (Dawson, Stasa, Roche, Homer, & Duffield, 2014). The sample consisted of three hundred and sixty-two nurses working on a medical and surgical unit from three of Australia’s states/territories. This study was part of a larger project which examined the relationship between turnover and patient, organizational, and staff outcomes. The study distributed a survey with an open-ended question at the end, which allowed the participants to elaborate on needs and concerns of turnover. Statements were then analyzed using NVivo a qualitative data analysis tool, and themes emerged from this analysis. Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles There was consistency in the collection of the data, and reliability of the instruments used. Out of this data three themes emerged. One which relates to the given research question about the factors that directly affect turnover. Factors listed under this theme include limited career options, poor staff support, poor recognition, and poor staff attitudes, all of which contributes to turnover. This study showed the importance of the relationships between the staff members to reduce the rate of turnover. limitations to this study such as only twenty-two percent of the sample from the larger survey answered the open question. Due to the limited response this may potentially affect the data quality, because this may not be the typical nurse’s perspective. After reviewing the research that could be found on new graduate nurse retention and mentoring programs I have found there is little research on programs after the orientation phase LITERATURE REVIEW 6 of the transition from student to being in the workforce. Throughout the research there is a trend of relationship building among staff, bridging the gap between new and experienced nurses. In many of the reviewed literature during interviews, new graduates consistently expressed a lack of support, especially after the orientation phase. Moving forward research needs to be addressed to evaluate if a buddy program for new nurses is effective in increasing retention and decreasing turnover. LITERATURE REVIEW 7 References Dawson, A. J., Stasa, H., Roche, M. A., Homer, C. S. E., & Duffield, C. (2014). Stratford University NSG 410 Nursing Residency Programs Articles Nursing churn and turnover in Australian hospitals: Nurses perceptions and suggestions for supportive strategies. BMC Nursing, 13, 11. doi:http://dx.doi.org.prx-stratford.lirn.net/10.1186/14726955-13-11 Friedman, M. I., Delaney, M. M., Schmidt, K., Quinn, C., & Macyk, I. (2013). Specialized new graduate RN pediatric orientation: A strategy for nursing retention and its financial impact. Nursing Economics, 31(4), 162. Hussein, R., Everett, B., Ramjan, L. M., Hu, W., & Salamonson, Y. (2017). New graduate nurses’ experiences in a clinical specialty: a follow up study of newcomer perceptions of transitional support. BMC nursing, 16(1), 42. Kelly, J., & McAllister, M. (2013). Lessons students and new graduates could teach: a phenomenological study that reveals insights on the essence of building a supportive learning culture through preceptorship. Contemporary nurse, 44(2), 170-177. Moore, Penny, PhD, R.N., C.N.L., & Cagle, Carolyn Spence, PhD., R.N.C. (2012). The lived experience of new nurses: Importance of the clinical preceptor. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 43(12), 555-565. doi:http://dx.doi.org.prxstratford.lirn.net/10.3928/00220124-20120904-29 Running head: HISPANIC MEN RISK FOR STROKE Literature Review: Hispanic Men at Risk for Stroke in Northern Virginia Stratford University STROKES IN HISPANIC MEN 2 Introduction to Research The purpose of this paper is to review evidence-based literature about Hispanic men at risk for stroke between the ages of 40-60 that live in Northern Virginia. What is the effect of providing educational materials about healthy lifestyle choices in prevention of strokes compared with providing educational classes to teach healthy lifestyle choices to prevent strokes within a six-month period. In findings of current research within the period of 2103-2018 the data presented will determine further research that can be applied to the nursing practice. Databases that were searched included Nursing and Allied Health Collection within Gale and CINHAL within EBSCOhost. Boolean terms were used to include stroke prevention, risk factors, education, Hispanic and nurses to narrow the search for relevant researched based articles. All articles reviewed were filtered … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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