# [SOLUTION] Violations of Monotonicity

The bias due to violations of monotonicity is composed of two factors. The first factor, A = P(i is a defier)/(P(i is a complier) – P(i is a defier)), is related to the proportion of defiers and is equal to zero under the monotonicity assump- tion. The smaller the proportion of defiers, the smaller the bias will be from violations of the monotonicity assump- tion. However, because the denominator of this factor is the average causal effect of Z on D, the bias can be large even if there are few defiers, as long as the average causal effect of Z on D is small. Note again that the stronger the instrument, the less sensitive the IV estimand is to viola- tions of the monotonicity assumption. The second factor isthe difference in average causal effects of D on Y for the compliers and defiers. If the average causal effects of D on Y are identical for defiers and compliers, violations of the monotonicity assumption generate no bias. The less varia- tion there is in the causal effect of D on Y, the smaller the bias from violations of the monotonicity assumption.

Struggling to find relevant content or pressed for time? – Don’t worry, we have a team of professionals to help you on
[SOLUTION] Violations of Monotonicity
Get a 15% Discount on this Paper
Calculate the price
Pages (550 words)
\$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
Sign up, place your order, and leave the rest to our professional paper writers in less than 2 minutes.
step 1
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
s
Get personalized services with MyCoursebay
One writer for all your papers
You can select one writer for all your papers. This option enhances the consistency in the quality of your assignments. Select your preferred writer from the list of writers who have handledf your previous assignments
Same paper from different writers
Are you ordering the same assignment for a friend? You can get the same paper from different writers. The goal is to produce 100% unique and original papers
Copy of sources used
Our homework writers will provide you with copies of sources used on your request. Just add the option when plaing your order
What our partners say about us
We appreciate every review and are always looking for ways to grow. See what other students think about our do my paper service.
Social Work and Human Services
Thank You! Great Work!
Customer 452587, September 14th, 2021
Nursing
Always perfect!!! Don is the best!
Customer 452453, July 27th, 2021
Nursing
Customer 452707, July 5th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Excellent work
Customer 452587, September 4th, 2021
Other
great
Customer 452813, June 25th, 2022
Technology
Excellent job on the paper!
Customer 452885, December 28th, 2022
Other
GOOD
Customer 452813, July 10th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Thank You, Don!!! :)
Customer 452587, November 9th, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Excellent
Customer 452587, July 28th, 2021
Other
GREAT
Customer 452813, June 25th, 2022
Other
GOOD
Customer 452813, July 5th, 2022
IT, Web
Don did an excellent job!!!
Customer 452885, January 25th, 2023